He had ruled for 31 years, longer than any emperor since Augustus. Constantine I - Constantine I - Commitment to Christianity: Shortly after the defeat of Maxentius, Constantine met Licinius at Mediolanum (modern Milan) to confirm a number of political and dynastic arrangements. The Fall of Rome: How, When, and Why Did It Happen? He is nigh-omnipotent, nigh-omniscient and night-omnipresent The two remained rivals over a decade of uneasy truces before their animosity culminated in the Battle of Chrysopolis, in 324. Peter the Great was a Russian czar in the late 17th century, who is best known for his extensive reforms in an attempt to establish Russia as a great nation. Constantine now became the Western Roman emperor. The next year, Constantius died at Eboracum (now York). > In tracing the origin of the Bible, one is led to AD 325, when > Constantine the Great called the First Council of Nicaea, composed of > 300 religious leaders. Maxentius raised an army of 170,000 foot soldiers and 18,000 horsemen. Constantine wasn't the only claimant. Unable to complete his dream of being baptized in the Jordan River, as was Jesus, he was baptized by Eusebius of Nicomedia on his deathbed. In 325 AD Constantine convened the Council of Nicaea, the first empire-wide meeting of church leaders to discuss various controversies. 123 Street Avenue, City Town, 99999 (123) 555-6789. email@address.com . The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem was built on his orders and became the holiest site in Christendom. This placed him in line to succeed the throne of the Western Roman Empire. He set out to return to Constantinople, but grew worse and was forced to halt his journey. Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. To make the designation official, he began to fight for power. Under this emblem, Constantine was successful in battle and entered Rome. (Constantine actually resisted baptism until he was on his deathbed.) … His father, Flavius Valerius Constantius, was an officer in the Roman army. Accounts of Constantine's life state that, following a vision, he had ordered a Christian symbol to be painted on his soldiers' shields. Flavius Valerius Constantinus, who would become Roman emperor Constantine I, was born on February 27, circa 280 (sources range from 272 to 284), in Naissus, Moesia (now Niš, Serbia). By 336, Constantine the Great had reclaimed most of the province of Dacia, lost to Rome in 271. The idea that the book of Corinthians actually has more chapters and verses in Hell than on Earth is not too far off. The Elizabethan era is named for her. Known For: An accomplished historian as well as the Bishop of Caesarea, Eusebius created, cataloged, and preserved historical accounts and documentation of the first three centuries of Christianity. Maxentius. Many credit Emperor Constantine for the spread of Christianity. It is very important to clarify exactly what role the Emperor Constantine played in the Council of Nicea, what the purpose for the council was, what happened at Nicea, and briefly how the canon—the Bible as we know it—was formed. Constantine was the Roman Emperor from 306-337 AD. During a period of civil war, Constantine defended his position against different Roman factions, including Maxentius, Maximian's son. But he did not himself become a … While the Roman Empire once heavily persecuted the Church, Constantine legalised the Christian faith and even endorsed it to the point of it becoming the official religion of the empire. In 289, Constantine's father left Helena to marry the stepdaughter of Maximian, the Western Roman emperor. Constantine borrows characters from the Old and New Testaments liberally. Emperor Constantine (ca A.D. 280– 337) reigned over a major transition in the Roman Empire—and much more. By winning wars and expanding territories, he established Prussia as a strong military power. At the Council of Nicea, Constantine the Great settled Christian doctrine for the ages. At the Council of Nicea, Constantine the Great settled Christian doctrine for the ages. Constantine was declared emperor by his troops. N.S. A famous proponent of this practice was Pope Gregory the Great, who, in a letter written in 601 C.E. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. And by establishing a capital at Byzantium, which became Constantinople and then Istanbul, he set into motion events that would break the empire, split the Christian church, and influence European history for a millennium. This video covers the life and reign of Constantine the Great, the first Christian emperor of the Roman Empire. Wearing a sign of a cross, Constantine won, and the following year he made Christianity legal throughout the Empire with the Edict of Milan. He also established a second Senate. Constantine was also the first emperor to adhere to Christianity. CHAPTER X: CONSTANTINE THE GREAT (AD 313-337) It was a great thing for the Church that the emperor of Rome should give it liberty; and Constantine, after sending forth the laws which put an end to the persecution, went on to make other laws in favour of the Christians. Flavius Valerius Constantinus was born in Naissus, in the province of Moesia Superior, present-day Serbia. Upon his father's death on July 25, 306 A.D., Constantine's troops proclaimed him Caesar. On October 28, 312, Constantine marched on Rome and met Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge. Constantinople: Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, Timelines and Chronologies of Roman Emperors, Roman Empire: Battle of the Milvian Bridge, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. Lactantius Historical Account. Constantine was the son of a Roman official and his Christian concubine. By the time Constantius became governor of Dalmatia, he required a wife of pedigree and found one in Theodora, a daughter of Emperor Maximian. Edward Gibbon . Constantine and Helena were shuffled off to the eastern emperor, Diocletian, in Nicomedia. Frederick II, known as Frederick the Great, was Prussia's king from 1740 to 1786. In 305, following Maximian's abdication, Constantine's father became Emperor Constantius I. Constantine then joined his father on a military campaign and fought alongside him in Britain. Constantine was a vice-Caesar to Emperor Diocletian in the East. Lucifer has an immense amount of power, he is far stronger than any Demon, Angels and possibly all archangels, he is even stronger than his son Mammon, despite his immense power he is still weaker than God. In 306 AD, Constantine (274 – 337 AD) became ruler of the Roman Empire. Our resident Bible scholar Erin Moon offers a gentle rebuke at the end of every episode. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Unlike other Angels, Lucifer can manifest on Earth. For centuries, Catholic popes traced their power to a decree called the Donation of Constantine (later proved a forgery). Constantine's faith was still imprecise, but few questioned its authenticity. After this triumph, Constantine founded the city of Constantinople on the site of Byzantium. He likely also witnessed the persecution of Christians. Alexander the Great served as king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. By adopting Christianity as the religion of the vast Roman Empire, he elevated a once illegal cult to the law of the land. While not shooting for accuracy, some parallels and interpretations are spot-on. Constantine and the New Testament - Why did books like the Gospel of Mary, the Gospel of Judas, the Gospel of Thomas, and other ancient books (like 1 Enoch) never make it into the Bible? Eastern Orthodox Christians, Anglicans, and Byzantine Catholics venerate him as a saint. Charles I was a king of England, Scotland and Ireland, whose conflicts with parliament and his subjects led to civil war and his execution. Elizabeth I was a long-ruling queen of England, governing with relative stability and prosperity for 44 years. The story goes that Constantine had a vision of the words in hoc signo vinces ("in this sign you will conquer") upon a cross, and he swore that, should he triumph against great odds, he would pledge himself to Christianity. Constantine was influential in Christian history for his personal faith, religious politics, issuing the Edict of Milan, and calling the Council of Nicea. Many of the Roman Emperors that came before him were openly hostile to the Gospel, killing and persecuting Christians. No, Constantine did not form or collate the Bible. Constantine's mother, Helena, was a barmaid and his father a military officer named Constantius. Of course, there is the problem that Constantine spoke Latin since he ruled the Roman Empire. Constantine I's father became the Western Roman emperor in 305. Constantine. Constantine was in Helenopolis, planning a campaign against Persia when he fell ill. Constantine I, byname Constantine the Great, Latin in full Flavius Valerius Constantinus, (born February 27, after 280 ce ?, Naissus, Moesia [now Niš, Serbia]—died May 22, 337, Ancyrona, near Nicomedia, Bithynia [now İzmit, Turkey]), first Roman emperor to profess Christianity. While in power, Constantine issued reforms intended to strengthen his regime. From the mid-fourth century on, we do find Christians deliberately adapting and Christianizing pagan festivals. For a time, Constantine stood by as others ruled the Eastern Roman Empire. In 325 AD Constantine convened the Council of Nicaea, the first empire-wide meeting of church leaders to discuss various controversies. He was the son of Constantius Chlorus by his first, informal marriage, called concubinatus, with Helena, a woman of inferior birth. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. A defense of the Textus Receptus Constantine became emperor of Rome in 312 A.D. supposedly embraced the Christian faith for himself and for his empire, in an attempt to bring about the amalgamation of PAGANISM and Constantine's mother, Helena, was from humble beginnings; it is unknown whether she was the wife or concubine of Constantius. 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