“With the discovery of two additional mounds, the total area of the Rakhigarhi site will be 350 hectares,” asserted Professor Vasant Shinde, Vice-Chancellor/Director, Deccan College Post-Graduate & Research Institute, a deemed-to-be university in Pune. The villagers’ main occupation is cultivation of wheat and mustard, and rearing of buffaloes. Villagers have destroyed much of these two mounds for cultivation. The oldest site of Indus Valley Civilization, Bhirrana and the largest site, Rakhigarhi are … Spread over 350 hectares, this nondescript village is biggest Indus valley Civilisation site in the world, a city that was much larger and more ancient than Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro sites. And that's why it's called the Harappan civilization. You have reached your limit for free articles this month. Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. Rakhigarhi, Rakhi Garhi (Rakhi Shahpur + Rakhi Khas), is a village in Hisar District in the state of Haryana in India, situated 150 kilometers to the northwest of Delhi.It is the site of a pre-Indus Valley Civilisation settlement going back to about 1600 BCE.Later, it was also part of the mature Indus Valley Civilisation, dating to 2600-1900 BCE. Amarendra Nath of the ASI had excavated the Rakhigarhi site from 1997 to 2000. Time Duration of Indus Valley Civilization: As revealed by Radio-Carbon this civilization … The rest of the ancient Harappan site of Rakhigarhi still lies buried under the present-day village. It’s a support for truth and fairness in journalism. This was the time when the Indus Civilization went into decline out of the blue. The newly discovered mound number nine situated to the west of the Harappansite of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district, Haryana. The excavation in mound four has yielded a cornucopia of artefacts, including a seal and a potsherd, both inscribed with the Harappan script; potsherds painted with concentric circles, fish-net designs, wavy patterns, floral designs and geometric designs; terracotta animal figurines, cakes, hopscotches and shell bangles, all belonging to the Mature Harappan phase of the civilisation. By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. A team of archaeology teachers and students of the Deccan College discovered them when they surveyed the site in January. Spread over 350 hectares, this nondescript village is biggest Indus valley Civilisation site in the world, a city that was much larger and more ancient than Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro sites. A recent report by the Archaeological Survey of India claims that Haryana’s Bhirrana is the oldest Harappan site and Rakhigarhi the biggest Harappan site in Asia. Its location along old course of Ravi provided access to trade networks, aquatic food and water for drinking and cultivation. It has helped us keep apace with events and happenings. Here are a few archaeological remains at Rakhigarhi. The discovery in January of two new mounds at the ancient Harappan site of Rakhigarhi in Haryana, India, now makes it the largest known site of the Harappan (Indus Valley) civilisation, even outdoing the well-known site of Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan. Spread over 550 hectares, the Nandesipat village is almost twice the Mohenjo Daro site, which was earlier considered the largest Harappan site ever. The practice of wearing jewellery is as old as mankind. The discovery of Indus Valley Civilization by 2500 BC, the evidences of Harappan Civilisation were obtained, because Harappan site was first to be discovered in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa situated in the province of west in Punjab in Pakistan. Indus Valley Civilization which is also referred as Harappan civilization is of the largest cities of its time.This civilization was discovered in 1920 - 22 with the excavation of two of its most important sites i.e , Harappa on the banks of the river Ravi and Mohenjodaro on the banks of the Indus. They have the same material as the main site. This is one of the only sites where an entire sequence has been recovered that spans the history of Indus cities. Rakhigarhi is now the largest known site of the Harappan civilization in Haryana, India. Mohenjo Daro was also designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980. However, we have a request for those who can afford to subscribe: please do. Jewellery, including bangles made from terracotta, conch shells, gold and semi-precious stones, has also been found. Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Ganweriwala (all in Pakistan) and Rakhigarhi and Dholavira (both in India) are ranked as the first to the fifth biggest Harappan sites. You can support quality journalism by turning off ad blocker or purchase a subscription for unlimited access to The Hindu. Making cow dung cakes is a flourishing industry. One of the mounds found here also shed light on the Harappan’s occupational inclinations as it showed large scale burning, indicative of metal smelting and the use of furnace technology. 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The discovery of two more mounds in January at the Harappan site of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district, Haryana, has led to archaeologists establishing it as the biggest Harappan civilisation site. The eighth and ninth mounds, spread over 25 hectares each, are situated to the east and west of the main site. Dr. Shinde said: “It was earlier thought that the origin of the early Harappan phase took place in Sind, in present-day Pakistan, because many sites had not been discovered then. Mystery of India is a culture and society website that presents facts about India, that have been erased from history. [2500 BC – 1750 BC]. Till now, the largest site: Mheonjo-daro, in Pakistan. Your support for our journalism is invaluable. It is bigger than the well-known Mohenjo-Daro site in Pakistan. But as you can see, it's much more than just around Harappa. 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