When a person perceives that an event is a threat to his goals, he engages in: According to psychologist Richard Lazarus, which of the following must occur for stress to be evoked for a person? Some researchers have theorized that one cause of _____ personality disorder might be deficiency in the ability to experience fear. In the context of the lethal component of the Type A behavior pattern, people in hostility are _____. B. helping people build up reserves of energy. Which of the following personality disorders has the most disparate gender distribution, which occurs in men with a prevalence rate of about 4.5 percent and in women at only about a, extreme introversion accompanied by extremely high neuroticism. oxytocin . Economic Evaluation refers to our immediate evaluation of a situation. If a child exhibits no signs of conduct problems by age 16, it is: unlikely that he or she will develop an antisocial personality disorder as an adult. When he was arrested, he lied to the store manager that he did not steal the toy car and it must have been placed in his pocket by someone else. Goal congruence For example, being snowed into your house could be appraised as good (if there is a snow-day and … Also explore over 9 similar quizzes in this category. Psychologists distinguish _____ varieties of stress, which are _____. Which of the following is a key characteristic of antisocial personality disorder? Search. Kim has an extremely strong sense of entitlement. Free Tests & Quizzes Online. When people express their feelings to their romantic partners, they are: Research suggests that disclosing traumatic events: increases physiological arousal during disclosure. Mark most likely has _____ personality disorder. The _____ is a complex system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances. The University of Twente explains that a person may judge that an … Kim most likely has _____ personality disorder. Harm/Loss Appraisal A person who experiences unusual sensations that border on hallucinations most likely has _____ personality disorder. People with an excessive need to be taken care of most likely have _____ personality disorder. Economic Competition. You will be given 45 seconds per question. In their initial research, Holmes and Rahe found that people with the most stress points were: Research suggests that people become vulnerable to microbial infections: Stress is thought to lower the functional ability of the _____ system. In the context of the prevalence rates of personality disorders, _____ personality disorder is the most common disorder. They produce a state of feeling overwhelmed. the expectation that good events will be plentiful and bad events will be rare in the future. Bodily resources are used at an above average rate. Secondary Appraisal. Which of the following terms refers to the process of evaluating an employee's current and/or past performance relative to his or her performance standards? In the context of the prevalence rates of personality disorders, the least common disorder is _____ personality disorder. People with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are likely to: They show devotion to work at the expense of leisure and friendships. _____ is a disorder in which a patient has at least one physical symptom as well as significant health-related anxiety, and devotes excessive time and energy to health concerns. A. They are odd and eccentric and may believe in magic. A person who is preoccupied with order and strives to be perfect most likely has _____ personality disorder. Research suggests that inhibiting the expression of negative emotions: In the context of management of emotions, Levy and colleagues (1985) have shown that people who keep their negative emotions to themselves are more likely than expressive persons to _____. Which type of psychologist is Karen? Individuals with _____ personality disorder are most likely to engage in self-mutilating behavior or attempt suicide in their efforts to manipulate people back into their relationships. _____ is a method of stress management characterized by avoiding situations or thoughts that are reminders of a stressor and maintaining an artificially positive viewpoint. The _____ is a complex system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances. In the case of performance appraisal, validity refers to whether the appraisal measures all the relevant aspects of performance and omits irrelevant aspects of performance. and now treats psychological disorders. You will learn more about Lazarus’s appraisal concept when you study stress, health, and lifestyle. People who have narcissistic personality disorder: People with _____ personality disorder most likely experience little pleasure from bodily or sensory experiences, such as eating or having sex. Francis is most likely to be diagnosed with _____ personality disorder. Moreover, Lazarus specified two major types of appraisal methods which sit at the crux of the appraisal method: 1) primary appraisal, directed at the establishment of the significance or meaning of the event to the organism, and 2) secondary appraisal, directed at the assessment of the ability of the organism to cope with the consequences of the event. This results in a broader categorization of the event that influences the the way a person internally and externally reacts to the event. According to the University of Twente, primary appraisal occurs when a person recognizes an impending threatening or stressful event and evaluates the significance of the event. . People with _____ personality disorder are often sexually provocative in inappropriate ways. Ian Nolan/Cultura/Getty Images. Linda has trouble working independently and is willing to tolerate abuse and submit to unreasonable demands of her colleagues. B. In the process of the general adaptation syndrome, the _____ phase involves the body's attempt to adapt to its high state of arousal as it tries to cope with the stressor. _____ refers to a socially recognized set of rights and obligations linked with illness. They often appear inept or socially clumsy. State of powerful absorption in someone. Term. a technique for coping with stress that involves facing the stressor and working to overcome it. Which of the following is a subtrait of Type A personality? Mike really likes it when his boyfriend cooks for him and cleans his apartment while he is sick. (Quizlet Activity) Experiments in Behavioural Economics - examples of confirmation bias and bounded rationality. Terms in this set (18) Primary Appraisal. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop in persons who have _____ life-threatening events. Elika refuses to present a topic in psychology in front of her class. The primary purpose of providing employees with feedback during a performance appraisal is to motivate employees to __ __ A. apply for managerial positions B. remove any performance deficiencies C. revise their performance standards D. enroll in work-related training programs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Correct! From Wikipedia ... Primary Appraisal. Which of the following is a characteristic of Type A people? involves deciding how to deal with a potentially stressful situation. C. Coping. secondary appraisal _____ refers to the process of determining whether a stressor is something one can handle. The reaction of being startled with an increase in blood pressure and other physiological responses is commonly called. In the general adaptation syndrome, the _____ phase is the time during which the body calls upon the necessary tools to respond to a threat; it is similar to the fight-or-flight response. four; acute, episodic acute, traumatic, and chronic stress. primary appraisal. A) Threat B) Primary C) Challenge D) Secondary 50._____ appraisal refers to the process by which people decide whether they can handle a stressful event. Which of the following is a key characteristic of people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder? He asks u for your opinion about the value of such systems. Roger loves to be the center of attention. Primary appraisal is the extent to which a person perceives an event as benign or threatening and harmful. Which of the following types of appraisals can provide information that is more useful for problem solving and employee development than the typical results of a … The primary economic principle underlying the cost approach is the principle of: ... Equity refers to the amount of … _____ refers to the process of determining whether a stressor is something one can handle. She is extremely worried about her professor's and classmates' reactions to her ideas and fears being criticized. The process of primary appraisal involves the evaluation of one's . When John's car, which had been left unlocked in front of his home, was stolen, Mary said, "He should have known better. Which of the following is a key characteristic of borderline personality disorder? d. reflected appraisal. She believes that she is the most important supervisor in her firm and expects others to constantly praise and admire her. Many researchers believe that borderline personality disorder is caused by: When children come to believe that others are not to be trusted, they are most likely to develop _____ personality disorder. According to psychologist Richard Lazarus (1991), primary appraisal best refers to a cognitive event in which a person Positive emotions are thought to help with stress by: A. broadening the scope of attention. Primary appraisal is the first stage in the transactional model of stress and coping. He should lock his car." is a common manifestation of paranoid personality disorder. Hans Selye proposed that the _____ phase of the general adaptation syndrome was the point at which the body's defenses begin to create damage. B) False The primary purpose of holding an appraisal interview should be to: Incorrect A) allow employees to demand salary increases. The means of meeting a threat is chosen. Which of the following is an example of a primary appraisal of a stressor? testable prediction derived from a theory is a(n): Karen received a PhD in psych. B. improves physical health. According to Hans Selye, people are most susceptible to illness in the _____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) model. The three primary goals of human resource management are to find the right people, manage talent so that people achieve their potential, and maintain the workforce over the long term. The process of secondary appraisal involves the evaluation of one's ... Karoshi refers to . is a cognitive process whereby a person focuses on the good in what is happening or has happened. primary appraisal _____ refers to interpreting whether a stimulus is stressful. People with _____ personality disorder have also been referred to as sociopaths or psychopaths. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of stressors? The root of stress is the cognitive appraisal of an event as stressful or stress-inducing. He usually seeks attention by being overly dramatic and changes his opinions suddenly. Assessment of an event to determine if implications are positive, negative, or neutral. Antisocial personality disorder is associated with: is an enduring pattern of experience and behavior that differs greatly from the expectations of an individual's culture. Which of the following is a key characteristic of schizoid people? He feels that other people are looking at him and hears murmurs that sound like his name. secondary appraisal: Definition. He is most likely to be diagnosed with _____ personality disorder. To receive this treatment more often, Mike pretends his illness is constant. The primary biological factor in the tend-and-befriend mechanism is . They like to work hard and achieve goals. Answer to Question 1 Primary appraisal refers to the stage in emotional adjustment during which: a. ______ refers to interpreting whether a stimulus is stressful. A pervasive feeling of inadequacy and sensitivity to criticism from others is a salient feature of _____. According to _____, a person either has a disorder or does not have a disorder. According to a dimensional model of personality disorders, _____ results in avoidant personality disorder. Primary Appraisal Refers to our initial, subjective evaluation of a situation, in which we balance the demands of a potentially stressful situation against our ability to meet these demands. Economic Appraisal - see Economic evaluation. Economic Burden of Disease, see Cost of Illness. Biases and judgment errors of various kinds may spoil the performance appraisal process. strong correlation & big difference in groups. Linda most likely has _____ personality disorder. A) secondary B) challenge C) primary D) threat 52. D. A) Threat B) Primary C) Challenge D) Secondary 51.The _____ appraisal process allows a person to decide whether a red spot on their finger is blood or simply a glob of ketchup. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. primary appraisal: Definition. The assessment whether your coping abilities/resources are adequate to over come harm, threat, or challenges. Which of the following is a key characteristic of people with schizotypal personalities? The pros and Try this amazing Basic Appraisal Test quiz which has been attempted 4458 times by avid quiz takers. This thermometer lacks. Smiling when you receive a gift that you do not really like is an example of: leads to heightened physiological activity. The _____ appraisal process allows a person to decide whether a red spot on their finger is blood or simply a glob of ketchup. If the event is appraised as stressful, People with avoidant personality disorder: Which of the following is a key characteristic of avoidant personality disorder? Primary appraisal concerns whether something of relevance to the individual's well being occurs,whereas secondary appraisal concerns coping options. acutely uncomfortable in social relationships. People with _____ personality disorder are more likely to stare at other people without initiating any social interaction. Primary data is gathered to provide a body of descriptive statistics such as the U.S. Census publications and local traffic counts and made available to others. While walking past a toy car in a store, Mark had an impulsive desire to steal it and quickly slipped it into his pocket. A primary appraisal involves judgment about the degree of potential harm or threat to well-being that a stressor might entail. Start studying Chapter 12. Socially, histrionic individuals are difficult to get along with, due to their excessive need for: In the context of the erratic cluster of personality disorders, which of the following disorders is characterized by a strong need to be admired, a strong sense of self-importance, and a lack of insight into other people's feelings? _ perceive that they are at a lower risk for negative events than an average person. Studies have shown that patient _____ deteriorates when a treatment must be frequent, is inconvenient or painful, and when the number of treatments increases. He disobeys his parents and usually engages in acts of stealing and destroying property. In the context of the stages of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) as proposed by Hans Selye, which of the following is a characteristic of the resistance stage? This appraisal mediates between the stimulus and the emotional response, and it is immediate and often unconscious. Primary appraisal involves the determination of an event as stressful. _____ refers to the psychological response to demands when there is something at stake for the individual and when coping with these demands would tax or exceed the individual's capacity or resourses. Ron is 11 years old and enjoys torturing snakes. Positive emotions are thought to help with stress by: Which of the following coping mechanisms uses thoughts and behaviors to manage or solve the underlying cause of stress. Her refusal to present the topic is most likely a sign of _____ personality disorder. A stressful event people believe they can handle is termed a _____, whereas a stressor that would overwhelm a person is termed a _____. Correct Answer: B) communicate information about an employee's performance. woman who wears excessive makeup, has an overly elaborate hairstyle, and dresses in flashy clothes is most likely to be diagnosed with _____ personality disorder. Mike appears to be _____. Gerta suspects that her husband is unfaithful, even though there is no objective evidence of infidelity. Unlike a schizoid person, a schizotypal person is: people feel that they are different from others or that they do not fit in with a group. a) Recruitment b) Employee selection c) Performance appraisal d) Employee orientation Ans: c 0.2. Passionate Love. Ron most likely has _____ personality disorder. In the context of coping strategies and styles, optimists _____, unlike pessimists. A. _____ refers to a behavior where someone pretends to have the physical symptoms of illness in order to gain something he or she wants. Start studying Appraisal terms. Although narcissists have high self-esteem, their grandiose self-esteem is actually quite fragile. react to frustration with disagreeable behavior. During primary appraisal, the event or situation can be categorized as irrelevant, beneficial, or stressful. a categorical view of personality disorders. Magda Arnold was the first theorist to offer an exploration of the meaning of appraisal, and to present an outline of what the appraisal process might be and how it relates to emotion (Roseman & Smith, 2001). 53. perceives that an event will threat his personal goals, According to psychologist Richard Lazarus (1991), primary appraisal best refers to a cognitive event in which a person. The Schachter-Singer two-factor theory depends on labeling the physiological experience, which is a type of cognitive appraisal. In contrast to the Schachter-Singer model, the appraisal precedes a cognitive label. what are 2 key features of an experiment? People with _____ personality disorder are extremely distrustful of others and see others as constant threats. The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms. During primary appraisal of an event, a person evaluates how relevant the event is to her/him and what kind of impact it is likely to have. Ans: D 5. Which of the following is most likely to be a stressful life event? Which of the following statements best describes the narcissistic paradox? She avoids disagreements at all costs. The theory was proposed by Judee K. Burgoon in the late 1970s and continued through the 1980s and 1990s as "nonverbal expectancy violations theory", based on Burgoon's research studying proxemics. likely to react disagreeably to disappointments. Expectancy violations theory (EVT) is a theory of communication that analyzes how individuals respond to unanticipated violations of social norms and expectations. She goes to great lengths to find support for her jealous beliefs and restricts his activities. Primary Appraisal Definition refers to our initial, subjective evaluation of a situation, in which we balance the demands of a potentially stressful situation against our … Ac. A. an independent variable has been effectively manipulated, a thermometer always reads 98.6 degrees F no matter the temperature of the water it is dipped into. Secondary Appraisal. The primary purpose of providing employees with feedback during a performance appraisal is Primary data is gathered to answer specific questions that are not necessarily the same ones being addressed in an appraisal or market analysis. Gerta is most likely to be diagnosed with _____ personality disorder. competencies: One of your managers returns from a management seminar eager to use a relative judgment system for performance appraisal. dimensional view of personality disorders, each disorder: is seen as a continuum, ranging from normality at one end to severe disability or disturbance at the other. Which term refers to observable characteristics that are associated with successful job performance? b. secondary appraisal. In the primary appraisal stage, individuals evaluate what potential threats there will be, concerning the demands from situation and the goals and values of themselves. Scott most likely has _____ personality disorder. According to the stages of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) proposed by Hans Selye, the _____ stage consists of the fight-or-flight response. Define social support, and four kinds of social support that groups seem to offer. Alejandro goes to church every Sunday and is inflexible with regard to morals and ethics. The lives of persons with borderline personality disorder are primarily marked by: People with _____ personality disorder have unstable emotions, unstable relationships, unstable behavior, and unstable images of themselves. appraisal and a secondary appraisal. Browse. B. death from overwork. This is a timed quiz. process by which individuals evaluate and cope with a stressful event restrict their activities to avoid potential embarrassments. Pausing and reflecting on something positive, such as a compliment received, a pleasing or humorous memory, or a sunset, in stressful situations are all examples of a positive coping mechanism called _____. AACSB: Analytic Bloom's: Understand Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 08-03 Define five criteria for measuring the effectiveness of a performance management system. Francis believes in ghosts and spends most of his time reading about ghosts and visiting haunted houses. Are you ready? exhaustion. Bias here refers to inaccurate distortion of a For example, a professor Behavioural Economics - Scarcity Bias. Which of the following are the hallmarks of histrionic personality disorder? Kody Scott, a gang member nicknamed "Monster," is a violent person who craves excitement, fears nothing, and has no guilt feelings. 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Try this amazing Basic appraisal Test quiz which has been attempted 4458 times by avid quiz takers categorization.: Karen received a PhD in psych dimensional model of stress, health and... Her ideas and fears being criticized appraisal d ) threat 52 that one of! He feels that other people are looking at him and hears murmurs sound... Salient feature of _____ personality disorder have also been referred to as sociopaths or psychopaths not necessarily same! Their finger is blood or simply a glob of ketchup supervisor in her firm and others! He asks u for your opinion about the degree of potential harm or to! With a potentially stressful situation, beneficial, or neutral a glob of ketchup assessment whether your coping are! Events than an average person being overly dramatic and changes his opinions.! 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