Hydro plants on the Stanislaus River have a total capacity of more than 780 megawatts and generate 1.7 billion kilowatt hours per year. The river is extremely over-allocated, meaning that claims to its water far exceed supply. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. [83][81] The OID service area is located on both sides of the Stanislaus River in Stanislaus County, and the SSJID is located on the north side of the river, in Stanislaus and San Joaquin Counties. [5], 11293000&por_11293000_1= 2208899,00060,1,1905-10,1966-09&format=html_table&date_format=YYYY-MM-DD&rdb_compression=file&submitted_form=parameter_selection_list "USGS Gage #11293000 on the Stanislaus River at SBF near Avery, CA", "USGS Gage #11293200 on the Middle Fork Stanislaus River below Sand Bar Diversion Dam, near Avery, CA", "Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Project No. [83] The irrigation districts again entered into a contract with PG&E when they built the much more ambitious Tri-Dam Project. Data from the 2005–2016 period indicated that fish migration responded the same way to river flows of 700 cubic feet per second (20 m3/s) as they did to the required flows of 1,200 to 1,500 cubic feet per second (34 to 42 m3/s). [9] At the lower end of New Melones Lake is the 625-foot (191 m) tall New Melones Dam, the sixth tallest dam in the U.S., completed in 1979 for flood control, irrigation, hydropower generation and fisheries management. [34], Native Americans of the region did not form one large nation; rather, they lived in "tribelets" of between 100 and 500 people. [131], The California Department of Fish and Game has identified up to 35 amphibian and reptile species,[132] 57 mammal species,[133] and more than 200 bird species[134] in the Stanislaus River watershed. The nutrient-laden tailwaters leaving the reservoir provide for the river's rich aquatic food sources. [14] The water flow varies widely from year to year, with a historic maximum of 2,950,000 acre feet (3.64 km3) or 4,100 cubic feet per second (120 m3/s) in the 1983 water year and a minimum of 155,000 acre feet (0.191 km3) or 210 cubic feet per second (5.9 m3/s) in 1977. Tuolumne. 08/23/2020 – 08/29/2020 Stanislaus River South Fork. The river begins at the confluence of Kennedy Creek and Summit Creek in the Emigrant Wilderness. [65] Knights Ferry declined in influence as many of the departing miners settled around the farming community of Oakdale, several miles downstream. The Middle Fork, 46 miles (74 km) long, is the largest tributary and is sometimes considered part of the main stem. 08/23/2020 – 08/29/2020 Stanislaus River North Fork. [79], Farmers have been using water from the Stanislaus River since the Gold Rush, when water was diverted to small farms and vegetable gardens on homesteads. The OID sank 25 deep wells between 1931 and 1938 to make up for the shortfall, but this depleted the local groundwater at an unsustainable rate. The North Fork of the Stanislaus River flows from Lake Alpine. [115], New Melones was a significant milestone in the history of American dam building. [140] Spring-run chinook have since gone extinct in the Stanislaus watershed, while the spring and fall steelhead runs are considered threatened. [9] The 60-mile (97 km) long lower river has been modified extensively not only by water diversions, but by channelization and levee construction to drain wetlands and prevent floods. trout . One of the conditions was to increase in-stream flows in the portions of the Stanislaus River that were dried up by hydropower diversions. CCWD: Calaveras County Water District. The settlement was largely destroyed during the Great Flood of 1862, which washed away the bridge, but it and the rest of the town were soon rebuilt. You will need to really dig deep and work hard to catch some fish. [22] Vernal pools, or seasonal ponds, are found in some of the flatter areas and also support riparian vegetation. [119] Because the water is diverted so far upstream, it affords a head of over 1,000 feet (300 m) to the Stanislaus Powerhouse; the much heavier flow of the Middle Fork means that more power can be generated – about 91 megawatts at full capacity. Middle Fork Stanislaus River Planning Unit Tuolumne County Middle Fork Stanislaus River from the footbridge and currently closed to vehicular access by the general public. [20], The Stanislaus River is believed to have originally formed sometime during the Miocene period, about 23 million years ago, flowing down from an ancient mountain range in the current location of the Sierra Nevada that has since eroded away. Map It. Mission San José was the destination of many Miwok from the Laquisimes River area. [57], In 1849 William Knight, a hunter and trapper, established a ferry and trading post on the Stanislaus River, to serve the thousands of miners headed to the diggings at Sonora and other mining camps. Below the Beardsley dam, it continues west to its confluence with the North Fork at Camp Nine, a popular swimming and fishing area near Hathaway Pines. Starting in the early 1900s, many dams were built to store and divert water; these were often paired with hydro-power systems, whose revenues covered the high cost of the water projects. The entire mining camp of Dry Diggings (near today's Placerville), about 200 men in all, packed up and headed south to the Stanislaus River, and as news spread throughout the Gold Country, hundreds more arrived. [117], With the exception of small run-of-the-river projects such as Charles Tulloch's 1895 hydro plant, the first major hydroelectric project on the Stanislaus River was the 1916 Spring Gap Powerhouse near Strawberry, constructed by Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) and still in operation today. [140], Water diversions have historically been considered the major factor decreasing salmon and steelhead populations. After federal funding was approved, construction started in 1966. Knight runs (14 miles (23 km) in total), rated "difficult" at Class IV–V+ are dependent on releases from Sand Bar Dam, which only occur when river flow exceeds the capacity of Stanislaus Powerhouse. This orogeny coincided with a second period of volcanic activity, during which lava flows displaced the Stanislaus River course several times where it flows through the foothills, causing it to carve new canyons through underlying sedimentary rock. It begins in the Emigrant Wilderness of the Stanislaus National Forest about 5 miles (8.0 km) west of 9,624-foot (2,933 m) Sonora Pass. [47], An unintended, but destructive consequence of European arrival was the introduction of foreign diseases. The three dams combined could store 230,400 acre feet (0.2842 km3), more than tripling the water storage capacity on the Stanislaus River, and increased the reliable annual supply to almost 570,000 acre feet (0.70 km3). In 2017 MLLT will be closing on another 460 acre Conservation Easement at Lyons Reservoir. From the Afterbay to Springs Mill Gap, fishing is allowed from the last Saturday in April to November 15th, with no trout limits. On June 11th, 2002, a team of boaters assembled below the stunning 450-foot spillway of Donnells Dam on the Middle Fork of the Stanislaus River in California. In years of drought, releasing too much water for steelhead in the spring leaves too cold water for salmon and steelhead in the fall. [89], Starting in the 1940s, the federal government had also sought to build a high dam at the Melones site. It is impounded at Donnell and Beardsley reservoirs. [31], Humans first arrived in the Sierra Nevada of present-day California more than 10,000 years ago. The Columns of the Giants, a geologic site, and Columns of the Giants Picnic Area are adjacent to the campground. In the 1970s the construction of the federal New Melones Dam incited major opposition from recreation and environmental groups (documented on the Stanislaus River Archive), who protested the loss of one of the last free-flowing stretches of the Stanislaus. The river begins at the confluence of Kennedy Creek and Summit Creek in the Emigrant Wilderness. [44], After the initial defeat, Vallejo returned with a force of "107 soldiers, some citizens, and at least fifty mission Indian militiamen" armed with muskets and cannon, but again fought to a draw. [124] Water falls from a height of 2,270 feet (690 m) – more than at any other power station in the Stanislaus River system – to the powerhouse, where it generates up to 253 megawatts. The Stanislaus River is one of the most heavily dammed and diverted rivers in California, relative to its size. [182] Other parks along the lower Stanislaus include Horseshoe, Orange Blossom, and Jacob Meyers Parks and the Oakdale and McHenry Recreation Areas, which include riverside trails, campgrounds, and access for boating and fishing. [81] However, the Bureau of Reclamation has sometimes shorted the irrigation districts in favor of releasing water to support the ailing salmon and steelhead fisheries, which is required by federal law such as the 1972 Endangered Species Act and the 1991 Central Valley Project Improvement Act. [100] Friends of the River was formed to push a statewide ballot measure, Prop 17, that would have designated the Stanislaus as a National Wild and Scenic River and forestalled the construction of New Melones. [130] Although mostly taken over by agriculture today, the lower watershed once was home to grasslands, oak woodland, and chaparral, which are still extant in some foothill areas. [39] The river later became known as Río de los Laquisimes, possibly derived from a Native American name for the river or surrounding area. Current fly fishing conditions are not so good today. Middle Fork Stanislaus River, California fishing report, rainbow trout fly fishing forecast, fly shop and fishing guides, and fly-fishing weather. Although Knight was killed later that year (reportedly in a gunfight), the settlement had already become the principal supply point of the region, with daily stage coach service to Stockton,[59] and was named Knights Ferry in his honor. This bridge was believed to be the last known timber scissors truss in the United States. A 2009 biological opinion from the National Marine Fisheries Service suggested that even higher flows would be required for the fish populations to truly benefit. The Middle Fork of the Stanislaus River passes close to the campground. Stretching from the foothill to alpine regions of the Sierra Nevada, it consists of rugged narrow canyons and ridges with an average local relief of 2,000 feet (610 m) or more from river to rim. Knight had previously accompanied John C. Frémont on expeditions in the 1840s, and "foresaw that Knights Ferry [via the Stanislaus] was Nature's pathway through the mountains. [10] The 31-mile (50 km)-long North Fork rises in the Carson-Iceberg Wilderness and flows in a generally southwest direction to its confluence with the Middle Fork, passing through several small hydropower dams. [25] Much of the private timber land has been subject to checker-board clearcutting, which has greatly fragmented wildlife habitat. [75] Water rights on the Stanislaus River have traditionally been, and are still de jure subject to the prior appropriation method, where the oldest rights-holders get first priority. [55] In 1857, a dam on the South Fork of the Stanislaus River collapsed, flooding the mining camps of Pine Log and Italian Bar, killing sixteen people. [111], Since then, New Melones has struggled to fulfill its obligations to downstream water users; during droughts, the irrigation districts and the federal government have frequently fought over its water. [183] Caswell Memorial State Park covers 258 acres (104 ha) along the lower Stanislaus River and is home to one of the last native riparian oak woodlands in the Central Valley. [11] Much of the watershed is at high elevation, with 40 percent of the total area above winter snow line. South Fork Stanislaus: Hwy 108 out of Sonora is the main route taking you to both the South and Middle Fork of the Stanislaus River. Tuolumne. [146], On April 8, 2015, after four years of severe drought, the Bureau of Reclamation began releasing water from New Melones for fish, ignoring protest from farmers. Take-out: 45 miles or so East of Sonora on Highway 108 take Clarks Fork Road and drive the mile or so to the bridge of the Middle Stanislaus. [15], Water diversions for irrigation and regulation by reservoirs have significantly lowered the mean flow of the lower Stanislaus River, smoothed out seasonal variations, and increased the dry season baseflow. In addition to select campgrounds, Forest Service developed recreation facilities include Douglas Flat Picnic Area and several parking areas offering easy access to shoreline fishing. Tulloch converted the old flour mill into the first hydroelectric plant on the Stanislaus River. [68] The new Dardanelle Bridge was built in 1933 to replace an older span constructed in 1864 and provide better access to the tourist areas. [13] Since the late 1800s, the timing of the spring melt has shifted two to six weeks earlier due to warming temperatures in the Sierra Nevada. Water rights along the Stanislaus River are a controversial topic, with the senior rights of farmers coming into conflict with federal and state laws protecting endangered salmon and steelhead trout. [64] Only a few years later, most of the mining claims and infrastructure were destroyed by the 1862 flood. [22] The river's annual floods once spread for miles over the surrounding terrain. Although proposed since the 1950s, the project was not built until the late 1980s. It was built by a partnership between the Calaveras County Water District and the Northern California Power Agency for both hydropower and domestic water supply. In addition to select campgrounds, Forest Service developed recreation facilities include Douglas Flat Picnic Area and several parking areas offering easy access to shoreline fishing. The Middle Fork of the Stanislaus River has been building a reputation over the years as having some of the best fishable waters westside of the Sierras. Locals initially criticized the project, saying that it was too big, a waste of federal money, and the reservoir would never fill. [94] Since New Melones' completion in 1978, "no structure as large or as significant has since been built on an American river. [27] Some of these fluvial sediments, originating from gold-bearing veins in the granite batholith, were deposited as placer gold in the river bed to be discovered later during the California Gold Rush. [75] Fourteen hydroelectric plants on the river and its tributaries[76] are operated by various local irrigation districts, private power companies and federal agencies. The largest, 12,500-acre (5,100 ha) New Melones Lake, is visited by up to 800,000 people per year[176] and includes a full-service marina providing boat rentals and supplies. Stanislaus River, Middle Fork, lower Tuolumne - California catches; 53 followers; 1 spots; A designated wild Trout water, from Beardsley Afterbay Dam downstream to Sand Bar Diversion Dam, catch-and-release from there downstream to New Melones Reservoir, check Sport Fishing Regulations. Most of this reputation has come form the nutrient-laden waters below Beardsley Reservoir resulting in excellent aquatic insect populations of stoneflies, caddis, mayflies, and midges. Road is steep, narrow and windy. Or continue up another mile or two to Brightman Campground to the turnouts above and below the campground for the extended run. Fish information, photos, maps, and latest reports from Stanislaus River - Middle Fork - Tuolumne County, CA The California Department of Fish and Game regularly stocks the upper Middle Fork Stanislaus with rainbow trout. [84] Today, this area is one of the most productive agricultural regions of the United States; in 2014, Stanislaus and San Joaquin Counties produced a combined $7.6 billion of crops. Tuolumne. [123][125], In 2004, PG&E's license for the Tri-Dam project expired, and a new contract with the irrigation districts had to be negotiated. Originating as three forks in the high Sierra Nevada, the river flows generally southwest through the agricultural San Joaquin Valley to join the San Joaquin south of Manteca, draining parts of five California counties. [169] The average season for this run is only about 3 weeks long, typically in early June. [175], Boating, water-skiing and camping are also popular on the many reservoirs along the Stanislaus River. [140] One of the biggest factors is that temperatures must be lower than 55 °F (13 °C) for optimal spawning conditions. [184], Stanislaus River at the historic covered bridge in. The Middle Fork Stanislaus [88] The irrigation districts desperately needed water storage for the dry season, and a number of small off-stream reservoirs were built, including Woodward Reservoir in 1916, though their benefit was limited at best. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. Note: Photographs taken under the auspices of the Historic American Engineering Record (no. Or continue up another mile or two to Brightman Campground to the turnouts above and below the campground for the extended run. Most escaped Native Americans fled to the Central Valley, which was difficult for heavily armed Spanish soldiers to traverse due to its swampy terrain. During the California Gold Rush, the Stanislaus River was the destination of tens of thousands of gold seekers; many of them reached California via Sonora Pass, at the headwaters of the Middle Fork. [69][70][71] There was also extensive logging done throughout the foothill area of the Stanislaus watershed, and several narrow gauge railroads penetrated into the foothills, including the Sugar Pine Railway or Strawberry Branch, which followed the Stanislaus' South Fork. Water releases from the reservoir may sometimes increase river flows on the section we run below, but their timing is not predictable. Usually a bunch of people right where the Stanislaus meets New Melones, but there are plenty of nice runs with browns and rainbows near 20 inches. The little water left was usually too warm for the fish to survive. In the 1970s several episodes of the Little House on the Prairie TV series were filmed at Donnell Vista, near Donnell Lake.[74]. Due to the drought, New Melones Lake was already at a low level, and there was not enough water to meet the farmers' demands in addition to the spring and fall releases. [53] In the same year, gold was discovered on the American River, starting the California Gold Rush. It is impounded at Donnell and Beardsley reservoirs. Nearby: Lodging Camping Dining. Highway 108 is within easy … Middle Fork Stanislaus River Planning Unit Tuolumne County Middle Fork Stanislaus River from the footbridge and currently closed to vehicular access by the general public. [118] In 1939 PG&E completed the much larger Stanislaus Powerhouse near the confluence of the Middle and North Forks. The North Fork of the Stanislaus River boasts some of the most technical Class IV whitewater rafting in California. Put-in: Get back to Highway 108 and head East. [43] On May 20, Smith and two other men set out along the Laquisimes to attempt a crossing of the Sierra Nevada. The river originates from the Stanislaus National Forest and flows into New Melones Lake onward to the Sacramento-San Joaquin River delta. The trail parallels the river the entire length so elevation gain is at a minimum with only 277 ft in altitude gain. Road is steep, narrow and windy. [91], The $52 million Tri-Dam project[92] would mainly be financed by leasing hydro-power rights at these dams to Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) for a 50-year period. They filed claims for 600,000 acre feet (0.74 km3) of Stanislaus River water, divided evenly between the two districts. Only a 2 star day. 2130–033", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Middle_Fork_Stanislaus_River&oldid=912873593, Rivers of the Sierra Nevada in California, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 August 2019, at 12:30. About a week later, after having made their way up the rugged North Fork canyon, they crossed Ebbetts Pass, becoming the first people of European descent to cross the Sierra. [21] Annual precipitation varies from 20 inches (510 mm) in the valley regions to 50 inches (1,300 mm) or more at higher elevations; at elevations above 5,000 feet (1,500 m) most precipitation falls as snow. [87] In 1913 the districts built Goodwin Dam, about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) upstream of Knights Ferry, to divert water into their respective canals. The Middle Fork, 46 miles (74 km) long, is the largest tributary and is sometimes considered part of the main stem. At Ripon, it is crossed by Highway 99. [89] The California Department of Water Resources questioned whether the extra irrigation water was even necessary,[104] and studies by the state Department of Fish and Wildlife suggested that the dam would harm the fisheries it was intended to protect. [174] The Emigrant Wilderness, encompassing 113,000 acres (46,000 ha), encompasses the upper Middle Fork and also borders on Yosemite National Park a short distance to the south. [44], During the 1840s, many American settlers emigrated to the Central Valley of what was still Mexican-controlled California, seeking to claim the area's fertile farmland. The settlers constructed a sawmill and began to plant the area in wheat and vegetables. [46] According to popular legend, Estanislao would carve an "S" in a tree after his attacks, and was an inspiration for the fictional character Zorro. There are a lot of acce... Find Local Fishing Spots on the Interactive Map! [94][98], The New Melones project is well known for a legal battle between environmentalists, the state of California and the federal government which began in the 1970s as recreational whitewater rafting exploded in popularity. Dardanelle Resort. Although this section was flooded by New Melones Lake in 1983, rafting and kayaking remain popular on sections of the Middle Fork and North Fork, as well as the main stem below Goodwin Dam. For most of their lengths, both forks flow in deep canyons through rugged, heavily forested terrain. A 17 mile section from Beardsley Afterbay to the confluence of the North Fork Stanislaus is designated by the State of California as a Wild Trout Fishery. In 1848 William R. Ryan wrote that the mining camps along the Stanislaus River were "all of the poorest and most wretched description. During the ice ages California had a much wetter climate; average river flows in the past may have been as high as what is considered "flood stage" today. Adventure Overview. The max altitude is just under 3000 feet. [9][11] The total length of the Stanislaus River, measured from its mouth to the head of Kennedy Creek in the Emigrant Wilderness, is about 150 miles (240 km). [181], Along the lower Stanislaus River, most of the land is privately owned. The river is the largest tributary of the San Joaquin River. MIDDLE FORK STANISLAUS RIVER PLANNING UNIT Stanislaus River Watershed FINAL NOVEMBER 2007 LCP Volume II SR-7 Supporting Analysis for Recommendations Potential Measure: • Monitor OHV use at Stanislaus Forebay and determine the extent of future use and management. The Dardanelle Resort was established in 1923 at the convergence of Eagle Creek and the Middle Fork of the Stanislaus River. As the number of claimants on the river grew, farmers recognized they had to work together in order to effectively distribute the water. [39] The Southern Pacific Railroad arrived in Oakdale in 1872, bypassing Knights Ferry and drawing the valley's population to the former town; the Knights Ferry flour mill moved its operations to Oakdale in 1881. The Stanislaus River is one of the major gold-bearing rivers crisscrossing the Mother Lode in California. [9] At Riverbank it begins to form the border of Stanislaus County (south) and San Joaquin County (north). Many miners traveling from the eastern United States arrived in California via the Sonora Pass, at the headwaters of the Middle Fork of the Stanislaus River. Middle Fork of Stanislaus River, overview. In addition, the Camp Nine run reappears when New Melones Lake is low, allowing boaters to run this part of the river, although siltation of the river bed due to reservoir impoundment makes access difficult. Tulloch Dam, located directly below New Melones, serves to re-regulate the river flow and ensure a consistent water level in the lower portion of the Stanislaus River. The Middle Fork of the Stanislaus River has been a great fishery having some of the best fishable waters westside of the Sierras. A 17 mile section from Beardsley Afterbay to the confluence of the North Fork Stanislaus is designated by the State of California as a Wild Trout Fishery. [43][39], There was considerable native resistance to the Spanish mission program, which continued after Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821. However the settlement did not grow significantly, ultimately dissolving the next year. The final tunnel, from Sand Bar Flat, enters the main Stanislaus River about 2 miles (3.2 km) below the mouth of the Middle Fork, at the head of New Melones Lake reservoir. Originally inhabited by the Miwok group of Native Americans, the Stanislaus River was explored in the early 1800s by the Spanish, who conscripted indigenous people to work in the colonial mission and presidio systems. - Significance: The Middle Fork Stanislaus River Bridge, also known as the Dardanelle Bridge, represents the last known timber scissors truss a bridge type well suited for quick erection in rugged locations without the use of falsework in California. Harrold in 1895, improved on this system, building 47 miles (76 km) of canals along the north side of the Stanislaus River and supplying water to some 3,000 acres (1,200 ha) in Manteca and Oakdale. Owned. Or continue up another few miles to either Brightman campground or the bridge over the river to avoid the hard section. [153] These amounts would be greater than what is already required, leaving even less to support the local farming economy. [45] Vallejo set fire to vegetation along the river banks to draw out the opposition, but Estanislao and his fighters escaped, and continued to raid Mexican settlements through that winter. Many miners and their families eventually settled along the lower Stanislaus River. About 9 million years ago during the Pliocene, the most recent period of orogeny (uplift) occurred, tilting the predominantly granitic Sierra Nevada batholith to form a regional slope to the west. The Middle Fork of the Stanislaus River has been a great fishery having some of the best fishable waters westside of the Sierras. Numbers don’t lie. Two of the reservoirs, Donnells and Beardsley, were to be built at high elevations (4,900 feet (1,500 m) and 3,400 feet (1,000 m), respectively), affording huge hydroelectric potential. [122], The last major hydroelectric project to be built on the Stanislaus River was the North Fork project, officially known as the North Fork Stanislaus River Hydroelectric Development Project. Before the construction of New Melones Dam, the river frequently ran dry starting in early summer, especially in drought years, due to farmers taking all the water. The former wagon trail up the Stanislaus canyon had operated since 1864 as a toll road (Sonora-Mono Toll Road) and was heavily traveled during the 1870s during the gold strike in Bodie. Around November 1828, a Yokuts man named Estanislao (christened after Saint Stanislaus; his native name is believed to have been Cucunichi) led a revolt at Mission San Jose and fled to the Laquisimes River country with many other natives. The remains of a Native American dwelling near the Stanislaus River, an oval-shaped site about 12 feet (3.7 m) in width, is estimated by archaeologists to be about 9,500 years old and is the oldest known constructed dwelling (though not archaeological site) in North America. Great spot with plenty of room to hike. [81][89], A severe drought in the 1930s demonstrated that Melones Reservoir, by itself, was too small to meet all the irrigation demands. [81][83] Like Melones, the Tri-Dam Project would be jointly owned and operated by the two districts. It is roughly 95 miles in length and it is divided in to three forks (the North, Middle and South) with the longest fork being the Middle Fork. 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's or trailers avoid the hard section spring-run smolt from their... Claims for 600,000 acre feet ( 0.74 km3 ) of Stanislaus County ( South ) and Joaquin... Joaquin rivers mit einer Länge von 105 km including Manteca, Lathrop, Escalon and Tracy, fly and... This met the districts issued $ 2.2 million of bonds to build storage... South Fork of the Stanislaus River, most of the Middle Fork of the mining camps along the Guadalupe.... Crossed by Highway 99 drier months River Archive – at Donnells,,... For construction floodplain and extensive mining for Sand and gravel Clarks Fork Road and drive the or... Mining or power companies ) at Donnells, Beardsley, Beardsley Forebay and Sand Bar Flat less. Foreign diseases the 1950s, the longest such structure in the Stanislaus River ein rechtsseitiger Nebenfluss des San Joaquin.!