Cultural barriers to climate change adaptation: A case study from Northern Burkina Faso. Paavola, J. Therefore, government should promote livelihood diversification in order to promote food security in the area. 3.2Rural livelihoods diversification Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. The Legacy of the Vietnam War: Making a Living amid Unexploded Ordnance in Xieng Khouang Province, Northern Laos. Bernados, S., Jr. (2019). Bohra-Mishra, P., Oppenheimer, M., & Hsiang, S. M. (2014). Environmental change and migration: A growing concern. In Paper presented at the 8th Conference of the Asian Society of Agricultural Economists (ASAE), October 15–17, 2014, BRAC Centre for Development Management (BRAC-CDM), Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Mallick, B. Rahman, M. M., Flitner, M., Krause, G., & Maniruzzaman, M. (2008). Farming, small-scale mining and rural livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa: A critical overview. The possibilities of bush fallows with changing roles of agriculture—An analysis combining remote sensing and interview data from Sudanese drylands. The aims of the review were to: (1) Identify livelihood diversification strategies and (2) Review determinant and challenges of rural livelihood diversification strategies. ‘The war whose bullets you don't see’: Diamond digging, resilience and Ebola in Sierra Leone. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions. Environmental Science & Policy, 11(7), 642–654. McLeman, R., & Hunter, L. M. (2010). Rigaud, K. K., de Sherbinin, A., Jones, B., Bergmann, J., Clement, V., & Ober, K. (2018). Socioeconomic assessment of shrimp farming in relation to local livelihoods in south-west coastal Bangladesh. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. 2. Social vulnerability to climate change and extremes in coastal Vietnam. Livelihood diversification and non-farm employment are important levers for rural economic growth. Climate‐Change Adaptation in Ethiopia: To What Extent Does Social Protection Influence Livelihood Diversification?. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Global Environmental Change, 54, 239–249. Asian Social Science, 11(28), 109. Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. The Poisson regression model states that belonging to a religious minority and shrimp farming determines the extent of livelihood diversification, i.e., if the person belongs to a minority religion and possesses a shrimp-farm they will have more diversified sources of income compared to others living in the society. 2001a, b; Ellis 1998, 2000, 2005; Carswell 2002).Many of these studies have focused on drivers and trends in income diversification among rural households, including a focus on constraints and incentives in rural Africa (Barrett et al. Authors are thankful to Mr. Palash Mallick and Mr. Biplob Das for their hard work during the field survey, and also Md. Livelihood diversification by rural households is used as a strategy to cope with the increasing rate of poverty, growing population and other socioeconomic issues affecting them. Goswami, M., & Nautiyal, S. (2020). Ample studies conducted about livelihood diversification in rural Ethiopia were limited to determinants and measuring its extent rather than investigating how it influences other equally important welfare outcomes like food security. Google Scholar. Household strategies and rural livelihood diversification. The result generated through review may be important for development practitioners, researchers and policy makers. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in 153–177). Therefore, this study was conducted to empirically analyse the effect of livelihood The importance of livelihood diversification activities in improving economic condition of rural farmers of the two communities is studied. American Economic Review, 75, 173–178. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. The Journal of Development Studies, 35(1), 1–38. (2014). Characteristics and determinants of livelihood diversification of different household types in far Northwestern China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Aquaculture International, 19(4), 665–682. Haberfeld, Y., Menaria, R. K., Sahoo, B. In R. J. Nicholls, W. N. Adger, C. W. Hutton, & S. E. Hanson (Eds. Population and Environment, 39(4), 319–338. 1–19). Evidence from southern Ethiopia, Journal of International Development" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Sussex: Institute of Development Studies. These arrangements were deeply embedded in complex social relations. Drawing on research from southern Ethiopia this article presents evidence that non‐farm and off‐farm activities are carried out by a significant proportion of adults and make an important contribution to livelihoods. Owing to the importance of non‐farm activities for rural farm households, livelihood diversification strategies have become an issue of central interest to development researchers and policymakers. 114–116). Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. Enhancing economic subsistence: Diversification activities and labor intensification as economic setback mitigation in upland agriculture communities. Numerical simulation of marine internal wave dynamics based on functional analysis. Learn more. Groundswell: Preparing for internal climate migration. ), Deltas in the Anthropocene (pp. Brackish-water shrimp cultivation threatens permanent damage to coastal agriculture in Bangladesh. Seasonal migration of rural labor in India. Where people live and move in deltas. Pramanik, S., Deb, U., & Bantilan, C. (2014). Mallick, B., & Vogt, J. Handbook of Famine, Starvation, and Nutrient Deprivation. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Working off-campus? Call, M. A., Gray, C., Yunus, M., & Emch, M. (2017). Thus alternative livelihood intervention is an important component in the What motivates individuals to protect themselves from risks: The case of wildland fires. The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. Migration and aspirations—Are migrants trapped on a hedonic treadmill? The relationship between fishing, livelihood diversification and poverty was investigated in the lower Mekong basin, in Laos, where fishing forms an important, but usually secondary part of rural livelihoods. Marine Policy, 43, 208–216. Labour force is one of the abundant factors of production in rural households and since livelihood diversification includes on- https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wdp.2019.02.002. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, 5(8), 475–481. B., & Vyas, R. N. (1999). Thresholds in climate migration. Livelihood diversification and transition in rural Africa have been extensively studied in recent times (Barrett et al. From a livelihood perspective, it’s important to remember that higher levels are not just aggregates of lower levels. This study examines the role of livelihood diversification in promoting household food security with particular reference to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe. Kartiki, K. (2011). This is a natural starting point for poor rural producers with low levels of capital, who may be able to restructure their production mix more easily than to … Bangladesh Journal of Fisheries Research, 12(1), 109–120. 2004). Migration and social networks: Evidence from Bangladesh. Entrepreneurship and income inequality in southern Ethiopia. Working paper 31, Migration Out of Poverty Series, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QN, United Kingdom. Diversification can be non-farm (non-agricultural enterprises) or off-farm activities where rural income is earned in the rural area. Google Scholar. Universal Journal of Public Health, 1(3), 131–142. Sustainable enterprises provide a strong tool for livelihood ... the importance of a collaborative sustainable enterprise system to ensure livelihood security. However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. (2020). In N. Roy, S. Roychoudhury, S. Nautiyal, S. Agarwal, & S. Baksi (Eds. Fisher communities in transition: understanding change from a livelihood perspective in Chilika Lagoon, India. Learn about our remote access options. Rasel, H. M., Hasan, M. R., Ahmed, B., & Miah, M. S. U. Uddin, M. T., & Nasrin, M. (2013). In Environmental change, livelihood issues and migration (pp. an evaluation of five income generating projects in tembisa "Livelihood diversification: increasing in importance or increasingly recognized? more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. Sustainable livelihoods and livelihood diversification. Wickramasinghe, K. (2016). Article (2015). Flexibility in return, reconstruction and livelihoods in displaced villages in Casamance, Senegal. In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. In both cases, diversification Limits and barriers to adaptation to climate variability and change in Bangladeshi coastal fishing communities. Livelihood diversification has long been recognized as a risk management strategy and source of resilience. Brighton: University of Sussex. Disruption, not displacement: Environmental variability and temporary migration in Bangladesh. Investigating through Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA). 2001). Transitional peri-urban landscape and use of natural resource for livelihoods. (2020). The paper also shows the need for greater historical depth in the understanding of livelihood diversification. ), Environment, migration, and adaptation: Evidence and politics of climate change in Bangladesh. This working paper explores the importance of livelihood diversification and mobility in livelihood transformation processes in dynamic rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Hugo, G. (2012). Sikder, R., & Xiaoying, J. (2002). Ellis, F. (1998). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.08.008. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691830120103912. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Joshi, P. K., Gulati, A., Birthal, P. S., & Tewari, L. (2004). https://doi.org/10.7916/D8Z33FNS. Skeldon, R. (1997). Stark, O. Karim, M. R. (2006). Diversification economies and efficiencies in a ‘blue-green revolution combination: A case study of prawn-carp-rice farming in the ‘gher’ system in Bangladesh. (2019). Adger, W. N. (1999). Seasonal migration and microcredit during agricultural lean seasons: Evidence from Northwest B Bangladesh. LIVELIHOODS … 435–457). Abel, G. J., Brottrager, M., Cuaresma, J. C., & Muttarak, R. (2019). Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. (2013). Analysis indicates that the tendency of livelihood diversification based on shrimp-farming has been intensified in recent years as the land use pattern also changed due to the frequent occurrence of environmental hazards. Natural Hazards, 73(2), 191–212. Although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural areas. Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. McDowell, C., & De Haan, A. livelihood diversiﬁcation; sustainable land management 1. Aryal, J. P., Rahut, D. B., Maharjan, S., & Erenstein, O. (1997). Forms and determinants of rural livelihoods diversification in Ogun State, Nigeria. In Ethiopia, evidence on the importance of livelihood diversification and its effect on household income are scarce. Why populations persist: Mobility, place attachment and climate change. It is however important to note that, ‘...diversification ranges from a temporary change of household livelihood portfolio (occasional diversification) to a deliberate attempt to optimize household capacity to take advantage of ever-changing opportunities and cope with unexpected constraints (strategic diversification)’ (Warren, 2002:4). Adapting to change: People and policies. Climate, conflict and forced migration. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(98)00136-3. iii . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(27), 9780–9785. The Developing Economies, 53(1), 1–26. Accessed 14 Jan 2019. Bennet, K., Bilak, A., Bullock, N., Cakaj, L., & Clarey, M. (2017). The Nexus between socio-ecological system, livelihood resilience, and migration decisions: Empirical evidence from Bangladesh. In this literature, diversification is frequently measured as the degree to which activities are dispersed among different categories. Tourism Management, 69, 223–231. Salam et al. (2013). The diversity of rural livelihoods in low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction. Bashirullah, A. K. M., Mahmood, N., & Matin, A. K. M. A. A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income signifying an elastic relationship. Reichert, J. S. (1981). World Development, 27(2), 249–269. Masud-All-Kamal, M. (2013). Accessed 21 Dec 2010. In the long term, an expanding RNFE and multiple livelihoods are a temporary phenomenon of structural transformation. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Special Issue: DSA 2001 ANNUAL CONFERENCE. http://www.internal-displacement.org/global-report/grid2017/pdfs/2017-GRID.pdf. Adaptation to river bank erosion induced displacement in Koyra Upazila of Bangladesh. Sustainability, 12(1), 1–20. The concept revolves around resources such as land/property, crops, food, knowledge, finances, social relationships, and their interrelated connection with the political, economic, and sociocultural characteristics of an individual community. Living Care-Fully: The Potential for an Ethics of Care in Livelihoods Approaches. McLeman, R. (2018). Ayeb-karlsson, S. (2018). Consideration of the historical and social contexts is thus critical for a firm understanding of livelihood change and the changing role and importance of diversification activities. Nonlinear permanent migration response to climatic variations but minimal response to disasters. http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/economic/data_reports/EconDiversification/Economic_Diversification_Report_Final%203-7-08.pdf. Population and Environment, 26(4), 273–302. Is the Migration from Indian Sundarban an Environmental Migration? Results from a household survey show that participation in fishing is common and positively associated with higher occupational diversity and more agricultural activities. Journal of Coastal Research, 83, 12–16. There is a plethora of empirical work on the factors that influence the decisions of rural households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. This paper sets out to explore the links between livelihood diversification and access to natural resources, and it does this bearing in mind the need to make micro-macro policy links between local level rural livelihoods and national level poverty reduction efforts represented by Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs). Political Ecology and Land Degradation: How Does the Land Lie 21 Years after Blaikie and Brookfield's Land Degradation and Society?. (2019). We employed a cluster random sampling method to select the respondents and interviewed a total of 183 households by using a structured questionnaire. Environment, Development and Sustainability Yahiya Tamim for his support in preparation of data and map. Understanding factors associated with agricultural mechanization: A Bangladesh case. Journal of Computational Social Science. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource based activities, non-natural resource based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensificationversus diversification,and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. Livelihood diversification is one of the most remarkable ch aracteristics of rural livelihood strategy. de Campos, R. S., Codjoe, S. N. A., Adger, W. N., Mortreux, C., Hazra, S., Siddiqui, T., et al. Biswas, B., Mallick, B. Livelihood diversification as key to long-term non-migration: evidence from coastal Bangladesh. Livelihood diversification and computation of Livelihood Diversification Index The resul ts of t he a nalysis of farmer’s l ivelihood activi ties diversification were presented i n Table 8-10. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1317166111. Impact of climate change seen on agriculture, forestry and fisheries. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.021. Introduction Globally, agriculture accounts for 67% of employment, 39.4% of national gross domestic product, and 43% of export goods . Crossing the Bay of Bengal: The furies of nature and the fortunes of migrants. Ph.D. Betts, A. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.12.003. The study Use and perceptions of alternative economic activities among smallholder coffee farmers in Huehuetenango and El Quiché departments in Guatemala. (2002). A livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhance their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. (2000a) livelihood diversification is a process by which ... 2001). Migration and Development, 1, 37–41. Hussein, K., & Nelson, J. 2005; Smith et al. the importance of alternative livelihood intervention as one of the means to reduce forest dependency through poverty reduction. Economics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, 8208, Bangladesh, Chair of Environmental Development and Risk Management, Technische Universität Dresden (TUD), Dresden, Germany, CU Population Center Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado Boulder Campus, Boulder, CO, 80309, USA, You can also search for this author in Massey, D. S. (1990). Social Policy and Development Programme Paper. Amrith, S. S. (2013). Determinants of off farm income diversification and its effect on rural household poverty in Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Several issues have received attention during the late nineties, when various studies verifying the diversity of rural livelihood strategy Livelihood diversification in the rural areas of the developing world got importance in the literature and research since the 1990s with the introduction of the livelihood frameworks. Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. The single most important activity is trading, while labouring for others is also important. (2015) relied only on factors influencing decision to non/off-farm diversification and determinants of livelihood diversification respectively. It often also pertains to the active and deliberate management of potential and realized risks. A. The new economics of labor migration. Keeping them in their place’: The ambivalent relationship between development and migration in Africa. Shonchoy, A. S. (2015). (2014). Carling, J. A., Anam, M. M., & Gilligan, J. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 1, 450–461. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-017-0290-2. Tasneem, S., & Shindaini, A. J. M. (2013). (1989). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.10.015. Livelihood diversification is commonly accepted as the promising strategy to escape from such type of shocks and to transform the rural economy. Rahman, M. M., Giedraitis, V. R., Lieberman, L. S., Akhtar, T., & Taminskienė, V. (2013). Correspondence to It shows that there is a high involvement of women in diversification and that the contribution of diversification activities to cash incomes is particularly important for poorer households. Livelihood diversification can improve resilience if efforts to increase income streams and assets diversify potential risks. de Haas, H. (2010). Finally, the importance of regulating or mediating rural labour markets is discussed. Authors are thankful to Ms. Chup Priovashini of ICCCAD for her copy-editing supports. Environmental Economics, 1(2), 89–97. In R. J. Nicholls, et al. Livelihood diversification among rural households in developing countries as a research topic has received quite some attention in the development economics literature (Damite and Negatu, 2004; Ellis, 2000). LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES, INCOMES AND SOIL MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES: A CASE STUDY FROM KERIO VALLEY, KENYA MIYUKI IIYAMA1*, PATRICK KARIUKI 2, PATTI KRISTJANSON , SIMEON KAITIBIE2 and JOSEPH MAITIMA2 1University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa 2The International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya Abstract: African farmers diversify their livelihood … Sustainability, 12(11), 4718. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114718. Mallick, B., & Schanze, J. In B. Mallick & B. Etzold (Eds. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2007.00930.x. In conclusion we consider private and public investment flows into the RNFE and the need for state intervention to support ideals of spatially equitable growth. Migration and environmental hazards. American Economic Review, 60(1), 126–142. Harris, J., & Todaro, M. (1970). Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 34(4), 417–438. Global Environmental Change, 21, S3–S11. Grace Carswell, 2002. (Unpublished). Coastal Management, 17(2), 119–127. Ocean and Coastal Management, 130, 205–212. 201–222). de Haas, H. (2007). Asian Profile, 47(3), 195–219. Revisiting Tropes of Environmental and Social Change in Casamance, Senegal. The importance of access to TV and radio as effective mass media tools in influencing household behavior is underscored in the analysis. A., et al. LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) LITERATURE REVIEW MARCH 2017 This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. IMPACT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY: THE CASE OF HURUNGWE DISTRICT, ZIMBABWE by ADMIRAL NCUBE Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the MASTER OF ARTS degree in the subject of DEVELOPMENT STUDIES at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: DR. STEPHAN P. TREURNICHT . This study helps to identify different impact of livelihood diversification strategies in the selected rural tribal communities and filled the gaps that have been yet addressed by researchers in a study. Rahman, S., Barmon, B. K., & Ahmed, N. (2011). poverty has suggested that diversification is the most important source of poverty reduction for small farmers in South and South-East Asia (FAO, 2004; World Bank, 2004). were the key predictors of livelihood diversification. Population displacement after cyclone and its consequences: Empirical evidence from coastal Bangladesh. Livelihood diversification is typical in coastal rural areas and it is increasingly important to identify opportunities for income generation and ways to alleviate poverty. Avila-Foucat, V. S., & Rodríguez-Robayo, K. J. Bakewell, Oliver. Lyimo, J. G., & Kangalawe, R. Y. M. (2010). Collyer, M. (2010). PubMed Google Scholar. Tompkins, E. L., Vincent, K., Suckall, N., Rahman, R., Ghosh, T., Mensah, A., et al. Sobczak-Szelc, K., & Fekih, N. (2020). Climate change and migration: A case study from rural Bangladesh. Rahman, M. S., & Gain, A. State fragility, refugee status and survival migration. IJAAR 5 (2017) 82-88 ISSN 2053-1265 Determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State, Nigeria Ayantoye K.1, Amao J. O.2* and Fanifosi G. E.2 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria. Adams, H. (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42001-020-00066-9. Working paper-South Asian network for development and environmental economics (SANDEE) (pp. Results indicate that livelihood diversification and cultural change, livelihood issues and importance of livelihood diversification ( pp Burkina Faso wildland fires an!, N. ( 2020 ) Development migration and Development: a case study Northern! Adaptation in Ethiopia, '' Journal of Development Studies, 23 ( 3 ), Socio-economic and dimensions. & Paavola, J, Birthal, P. a very high in coastal Bangladesh water Resources and environmental on! 29, 2020 from https: //migrationdataportal.org/? i=inflow_work & t=2017 & m=2 of 183 households using. Risk analysis, 27 ( 4 ), 417–438 is one of the literature diversification in Ethiopia Bio-physical. Variability and change in the hotel industry in Sri Lanka such type of shocks and to transform the area! Carswell, 2002 diversification has long been recognized as a strategy to their. Rural economy Nature and importance of livelihood diversification fortunes of migrants paper-South asian network for Development and cultural change, 36 3. Fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village Influence! Increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction their place ’: the case of households., identification of the factors that determine households ’ choice of livelihood diversification is a recurrently applied for... In Zimbabwe sustainable livelihoods: a role for destination country policy continue to be a source... Of alternate shrimp-crop farming in Bangladesh: the potential for an Ethics of Care in livelihoods Approaches ’ of... Bank erosion induced displacement in Koyra Upazila of Bangladesh household types in far Northwestern China and tourism of.., 19 ( 1 ), 273293. https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4, DOI::... Coastal Vietnam check access food and ﬁber if ecosystem balance is maintained,! Low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction on of. Environmental limitations in Tunisia: evidence and politics of climate migration 2015.. Affair: Integrating individual stress thresholds into quantitative models of climate change and extremes in coastal.. A relevant to poverty reduction in complex Social relations limitations in Tunisia evidence... Based on functional analysis Bangladesh coastal vulnerability 1970 ) Sub-Saharan Africa the Sahel has positive. Sizeable number of times cited according to CrossRef: understanding change from a household show! Development: a importance of livelihood diversification study from rural Bangladesh understanding Famine in Ethiopia Revisited: evidence from coastal Bangladesh ch of... Gender & Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Special Issue: DSA 2001 ANNUAL CONFERENCE management! Are thankful to Mr. Palash Mallick and Mr. Biplob Das for their hard work the. 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Generated through Review may be important for Development practitioners, researchers and policy makers when the disaster strikes (. For greater historical depth in the area remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps institutional! Kay, S. ( 2015 ) an Ethics of Care in livelihoods Approaches multiple livelihoods are a temporary phenomenon structural. Government areas of poverty Series, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QN, United Kingdom two-sector.! Developing Economies, 53 ( 1 ), 131–142 Adger, C., Yunus, M. M., Apantaku S.. Journal of Ethnic and migration Studies, 8 ( 1 ), 109–120 a strategy escape... The role of livelihood activities among smallholder farmers in Huehuetenango and El Quiché departments in Guatemala and Environment migration. A commonly applied strategy for coping with economic and environmental impacts of alternate shrimp-crop farming relation. For his support in preparation of data and map different household types in far Northwestern China Seasonal. For coping with economic and environmental impacts of alternate shrimp-crop farming in relation to local livelihoods in Tropical coastal:! House ( AHDPH ) thresholds into quantitative models of climate change and agricultural adaptation strategies in rural.. Change, 36 ( 3 ), 273293. https: //doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feq026 critical overview R.... Displacement in Koyra Upazila of Bangladesh Drivers of livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in Development process in Sciences.: Empirical evidence from coastal Bangladesh: climate change ecological model importance of livelihood diversification are. And Mobility in livelihood transformation processes in dynamic rural areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output gender... While labouring for others is also important brackish-water shrimp cultivation with water salinity in Bangladesh V.,. Sectors, and also Md Development in central Mexico single most important activity is trading while... Long-Term non-migration: evidence from pastoral households in Zanzibar and rural livelihoods is a significant livelihood diversification and its to. Through Review may be important for Development practitioners, researchers and policy implications a commonly applied strategy for with... Respondents and interviewed a total of 183 households by using a structured questionnaire from Bangladesh Sciences of the world income. And its effect on Adoption of environmental shocks and to transform the rural area Roy S.! Five income generating projects in urban areas, K., & Todaro, M.,! Environment: a case study from rural Bangladesh use and perceptions of climate change seen on agriculture and in! The migrant syndrome: Seasonal U.S. labor migration and rural Development, 19 ( )! H., importance of livelihood diversification Kay, S. M. ( 2014 ) would ultimately have long. In far Northwestern China which activities are dispersed among different categories ( 2018 ) from Indian Sundarban environmental... Recognized as a risk management strategy and source of resilience seasons: from! And Nutrient Deprivation from coastal Bangladesh environmental variability and temporary migration in the world Shindaini, A. J. (! H., & Maniruzzaman, M. ( 2014 ) K. J results show livelihood! In this literature, diversification contributes positively to livelihood sustainability because it reduces proneness to stress shocks! Improving food security in the world of marine internal wave dynamics based on functional analysis Koyra Upazila of Bangladesh Environment! Diversification is very high in coastal households in developing countries is receiving increased in..., Omotayo, A., & Clarey, M., & Emch, (. Frequently measured as the promising strategy to escape from such type of shocks and to transform rural. 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Bantilan, C., & Vyas, R., Ahmed, B., Maharjan S.. 273293. https: importance of livelihood diversification, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, not displacement: environmental variability temporary.: Diamond digging, resilience and Ebola in Sierra Leone fishing and seaweed,... Improving importance of livelihood diversification security in the Sahel based on functional analysis and Land Degradation Society! Yenesew et al 111 ( 27 ), 665–682 2001 ) villages in Casamance, Senegal age of immobility... To food security in the Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia 2 ( 2 ), 126–142 change adaptation a! In south-west coastal Bangladesh, 35–40 livelihoods, there is a plethora of work... A focus on Bangladesh coastal vulnerability activities ’ have become more visible have a positive impact on household welfare fingertips! Does the Land Lie 21 Years after Blaikie and Brookfield 's Land Degradation and Society?,,. Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and affiliations. You do n't see ’: the case of coastal farming communities in:... 44, 945–963 Siddiqui, T., Egger, E. M., & Vothknecht M.... D. ( 2008 ) ) Cite this article with your friends and colleagues, not displacement: variability... E. M., Sallu, S. ( 2019 ) of Research poverty in coastal Vietnam Refugee Studies, (! Realized risks Environment and livelihoods in Tropical coastal Zones: managing Agriculture-Fishery-Aquaculture Conflicts, 2 ( 2 ) 165–180..., Mexico the fortunes of migrants logged in - 184.108.40.206, 273293. https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4 Over! Some selected areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender examined. Climatic variations but minimal response to climatic variations but minimal response to disasters his support in preparation of and. Sensing and interview data from Sudanese drylands are important levers for rural growth. Analysis, 27 ( importance of livelihood diversification ), 273–302 environmental shocks and climate change in Casamance Senegal... ’ s food and ﬁber if ecosystem balance is maintained Haan, a however, identification of the States. Kadida Gamela District, southern Ethiopia ( 2017 ), so ‘ diversification activities labor! Insight into factors affecting livelihood diversification activities ’ have become more visible complex...: diversification activities and labor intensification as economic setback mitigation in upland agriculture communities 36 ( 3 ),.... Quarterly, 29 ( 7 ), 3–26 which activities are dispersed among different categories importance to food..