Gettysburg, at least for most Americans, is remembered as a pivotal victory. I got you at San Jacinto.”. Texas was victorious this time, and won independence from Mexico, bringing the Texas Revolution to an end. So, the issue for me is that I just want us to be honest, you know? Santa Anna has got thousands of troops. When Cynthia Orozco taught Texas history at the University of Texas at San Antonio, one of the first questions she would put to her students is who won the Alamo. Cure taught seventh grade Texas history for eight years in Round Rock, a suburb just north of Austin. This confusion over who won and how this plays out in racial and ethnic identity caused an awkward encounter at a packed event at the Texas Tribune Festival in September 2016 on the campus of the University of Texas. It is also known as “The Battle of Bexar” and “The Assault on San Antonio”. It makes total sense.”. Follow him on Twitter at @JasStanford. In fact, a huge 61 percent majority of Texas Hispanics in Henson’s poll chose a wrong answer. Travis replied by openi… But his tweet had what Stephen Colbert used to call “truthiness,” an emotional standard for accuracy in which what is felt to be true by the teller is right. During the following week, the German SS executed 263 Dutch in retaliation. Toward the end of the year, the capital, San Antonio… On March 6, 1820, President James Monroe signs the Missouri Compromise, also known as the Compromise Bill of 1820, into law. He was a Texan in Mexico but a Mexican in Texas. SAN ANTONIO — Remember the Alamo! New questions in History. Lord Justice Barry Sheen, an investigator of the accident, later said of it, from top to bottom, the body ...read more, The trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg begins in New York Southern District federal court. The Alamo is a story Texas has told to sort the good guys, who were the Anglo Texians, from the bad guys, or the Mexicans. The Battle of the Alamo was fought during the Texas revolution at a small fort in San Antonio, Texas. 4 Texans wounded and 17 Mexican casualties. The bill attempted to equalize the number of slave-holding states and free states in the country, allowing Missouri into the Union as a slave state while ...read more, Georgia O’Keeffe, the artist who gained worldwide fame for her austere minimalist paintings of the American southwest, dies in Santa Fe at the age of 98. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. General Cos’s control of San Antonio ended in December of 1835 when Ben Milam and his troops of Texian, Tejano and Native American volunteers attacked the Mexican army on the Main Plaza during the Siege of Bexar. 1 of 2 Death doula Anna Adams sits in an office at Holistic Hospice in San Antonio on Oct. 28, 2020. On February 23, Mexican troops under General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna entered San Antonio de Bexar, Texas and surrounded the Alamo Mission. Whoops! An army of over 1,000 Mexican soldiers began descending on the makeshift fort and setting up artillery. The younger you are, the wronger you are, at least when it comes to the Alamo. It is ensconced in the interpretation offered at the historic site in San Antonio. Remembering whether the Japanese or the Germans bombed Pearl Harbor doesn’t matter as much as the reason for remembering in the first place: to exact revenge through restorative violence. An army of over 1,000 Mexican soldiers began descending on the makeshift fort and setting up artillery. Bowie and Travis were killed, as was Crockett, although reports differ as to exactly how and when. In its primitive form, the active ingredient, salicin, was used for ...read more, On March 6, 1902, the Madrid Foot Ball Club is founded by a group of fans in Madrid, Spain. End of the Battle. “Well, I don’t know what side you’re putting me on, but go ahead,” answered Menéndez. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. No one forgets who bombed whom at Pearl Harbor, but mixing up the winners and losers at the Alamo is shockingly common for reasons that, once you look into it, make a lot of sense. The ...read more, A British ferry leaving Zeebrugge, Belgium, capsizes, drowning 188 people, on March 6, 1987. Who are you referring to?” he asked. Antonio López de Santa Anna fell prisoner to the Texans on April 22, 1836. He has his back to the wall. This time the crowd did not laugh. If this doesn’t seem funny, it’s because it wasn’t, and that’s not why they were laughing. Shockingly poor safety procedures led directly to this deadly disaster. The typical Texan mind is that Mexico lost the Alamo,” she said. In the February 2020 UT/Texas Tribune poll, Henson asked Texans, in effect, if they were smarter than a seventh-grader: “Whose armed forces won the Battle of the Alamo in 1836?”. Even if Mexico won at the Alamo, they lost because of the attention paid to the Texans.”, Like most kids in San Antonio, Denise Hernandez went to a public school where working-class Hispanic kids were the majority. Texas’ Ted Poe probably remembered the Alamo more than anyone in Congress and seemed to love nothing more than to link the Alamo to the war on terrorism. Rioters wore Black Rifle Coffee, Grunt Style gear at Capitol siege 'This is a hate crime': San Antonio church vandalized after online threats of violence; Local. Thirteen days earlier, on February 23, Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna ordered a siege of the Alamo Mission (near present-day San Antonio), which had been occupied by rebel Texas forces since December. “Why? There’s a smallness to it, which Menéndez chalked up to a major city growing up around it. Jim Henson, the director of the Texas Political Project at the University of Texas, pointed out that White’s apparent misremembering of the Alamo is surprisingly common. It’s also a tool people use to justify the United States going to war, and has been for a long time. Lyndon Johnson cited the Alamo to urge support for the Vietnam War, which as a literal connection made little sense. … Every society has had its blemishes, and you talk about slavery and that’s one of the big ones, and the biggest that we’ve had. This isn’t “kids today.” No one is getting off anyone’s lawn here. The one who looked out of place was the slouching man at the end in the black polo shirt and black trousers. Mexican troops breached the north wall and flooded into the compound, awakening many of the Texans inside. When it comes to the Alamo, who we are is a loaded question in Texas, where Hispanics are as likely to know Mexico won the Battle of the Alamo as they are to think Texas did. And every year, at least one or two of the kids would get the question wrong. “The Mexicans won the battle of the Alamo,” said the man, and the crowd laughed. Please reload the page and try again. While the beginning of San Antonio dates back to the founding of Mission San Antonio de Valero in 1718, it was at the battle of 1836 where ordinary men in an act of extraordinary heroism brought glory and fame to the Alamo, so that today San Antonio is everywhere known as the Alamo City. It’s not every politician who can bridge a divide as wide as racism, though it probably wasn’t the first time something like this had happened. Dr. James Grant, an Englishman, some time before domiciliated about Monclova, and one of the legislators dispersed by General Cos, was the cause of this movement. Before beginning his assault on the Alamo, Santa Anna offered them one last chance to surrender. The day before, the leader of Mexico and commander of its army operating in Texas had mounted a … The defense of the Alamo remains a symbol of resistance to oppression and revolutionary spirit. Certainly, we say that we want to give them body armor, we want to give them up-armored Humvees, we want to send them tanks; but the most important thing that you need sometimes as troops is some other troops to support you. The Alamo was defended by a small force of Texians and Tejanos, led by William Barrett Travis and James Bowie, and included Davy Crockett. From October until early December 1835 an army of Texan volunteers laid siege to a Mexican army in San Antonio de Béxar. Getting his facts exactly straight about Texas’ creation myth doesn’t essentially matter to White as much as the truthiness of his all-caps appeal to the governor to unleash the Texas economy to defeat COVID-19 with the full force of our commerce. On April 21, Texas and Mexico fought again at the Battle of San Jacinto. And when George W. Bush needed Congress to approve a surge of 20,000 more troops in Iraq, debate in the House quickly, if not inevitably, devolved into an exercise in revisionist Texas history. But it wasn’t for his absurdist belief that a show of economic defiance would lead a global revolt against an airborne virus. That’s what Stephen Cure thinks. And I tell my children the same thing. It was a multiple-choice question, and still, only a little more than half of all Texans – 56 percent – got it right. After riling up a crowd that later staged a violent siege of the U.S. Capitol, Trump appears to have lost some of his strongest allies, including South Carolina Sen. Lindsey Graham. “As goes Tx, goes the US, goes the entire world,” he tweeted. Every year, he always put on his final exam who won the Battle of the Alamo. William H. Jack to Edward Burleson, November 27, 1835 In this attempt to prevent dissention in Texas, General Cos chose San Antonio as his headquarters (Fox and Cox 1989). This Day in History: The Siege of Bexar comes to an end. Thirteen days earlier, on February 23, Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna ordered a siege of the Alamo Mission (near present-day San Antonio), which had been occupied by rebel Texas forces since December. San Antonio de Bexar November 26, 1835 Texans attack a large Mexican army pack train. “In the schools, basically the way we grew up is that the Alamo, what we learned from that as Mexican Americans is that Texas won and Mexico lost. And then we see this movie, and we’re idolizing Davy Crockett and these folks, and you don’t realize it’s weird until you’re older and you’re like, wait, that was messed up that we’re being taught that Mexicans are bad guys.”, At the time, she felt the need to identify with the heroes of the Alamo. With its trademark blue-and-white uniforms (originally ...read more. While most support came from the American immigrants, a few Tejanos also joined in the revolt. “You gotta remember, too: We lost,” he said. White’s tweet was more like John Blutarsky’s exhortations to fraternity brothers. How do you say you support and then say, but we don’t want to send them any reinforcing troops? The distances to various locations are given. Sure, White got his facts backward. Nonprofit journalism for an informed community. When the Battle of the Alamo ended at approximately 6:30 a.m. on March 6, 1836, fewer than fifty of the almost 250 Texians who had occupied the Alamo Mission in San Antonio, Texas, were alive. Resulted in the capture of horses and hay (grass). The son of a government administrator, he grew up in Florence, a center of the early Renaissance movement, and became an artist’s apprentice at age ...read more, The German company Bayer patents aspirin on March 6, 1899. In 2005, Pennsylvania Congressman Elmer “Bud” Shuster remembered the valorous sacrifice of the “Let’s Roll” passengers of Flight 93 as “equal to the shot heard around the world in Lexington and Concord or the Alamo in Texas.” Bill Clinton also compared Flight 93 not only to the Alamo but also Thermopylae at a ceremony marking the 10th anniversary of 9/11. I’m proud of my Mexican family. ...read more, A committee of the New York Provincial Congress instructs Major William Malcolm to dismantle the Sandy Hook lighthouse in the then-disputed territory of Sandy Hook, now in New Jersey, on March 6, 1776, telling him to “use your best discretion to render the light-house entirely ...read more, Members of the Dutch Resistance who were attempting to hijack a truck in Apeldoorn, Holland, ambush Lt. Gen. Hanns Rauter, an SS officer. Even with Civil War battlefields, at least someone in the United States won. The final attack came before dawn on March 6. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. But the fact of the matter is I’m an American, and I’m a Texan, and I view history through that, but I want to be honest about it because I think everybody has room at the table, and I want to be mature enough to say, yeah, I lost there, but guess what? Born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin, in 1887, O’Keeffe grew up in Virginia and first studied painting at the Art Institute of ...read more, In the year 2000, a new company called Napster created something of a music-fan’s utopia—a world in which nearly every song ever recorded was instantly available on your home computer—for free. “Remember the Alamo!” became their rallying cry as an urgent reminder to avenge their earlier defeat. San Antonio grew up with the Alamo at its heart, with streets and buildings now occupying the site of the most sacred battle in Texas history. I’m not proud of everything that has occurred. It’s child’s play, literally, since state law mandates that every seventh-grader in Texas remember the Alamo. Over the previous 19 years, Cronkite had established himself not only as the nation's leading newsman but as "the most trusted man ...read more, Helmut Kohl, the interim chancellor of West Germany since the fall of Helmut Schmidt’s Social Democrat government in 1982, is elected German chancellor as his Christian Democratic Union (CDU) party is voted back into power. The panel went off the rails during the Q&A. The fighting lasted 90 minutes, some of it hand-to-hand combat. The question was asked, something along the lines of why didn’t the city preserve the Alamo intact as the city grew, and an answer was offered, which was something along the lines of because it just didn’t work out that way, and the man made a move to leave, not entirely satisfied nor surprised, before Collins spoke up with an impish tone. 'This is a hate crime': San Antonio church vandalized after online threats of violence Rioters wore Black Rifle Coffee, Grunt Style gear at Capitol siege Elaine Ayala As we’ve mentioned, every single public school student in Texas gets a family-sized container of Alamo education. The younger you are, the wronger you are, at least when it comes to the Alamo. “I have friends who are Hispanic who take their children to the Alamo and remind them that they did not lose at the Alamo,” said the man. These images are from a model of San Antonio de Béxar by George S. Nelson, depicting the city at the time of the Battle of the Alamo (February – March, 1836) and which can be seen at the IMAX theater at River Center Mall in San Antonio. What were two things that Governor Smith of the provisional government and members of the general council quarreled about? The siege of Bexar (San Antonio) became the first major campaign of the Texas Revolution. So he gets his BlackBerry out. The final engagement during the battle involved half of the American garrison, and a landing party from a reinforcing warship, which successfully lifted the siege. Only a handful survived, mostly women and children. The Alamo, he believed, didn’t have that feeling of an Independence Hall in Philadelphia, or the White House in Washington. It took place on October 28, 1835, on the grounds of Concepción Mission outside of San Antonio. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Several Texans reportedly surrendered, but Santa Anna ordered all prisoners be executed. This threatened dissolution originated from a projected enterprise against Matamoras, with the hope of obtaining the cooperation of a large force of Mexican liberals. The “good guys” who die on the road to redemption are remembered as martyrs, their deaths obligating further violence. To explore all newsletters, click here.By signing up, you agree to the terms of service and privacy policy. The question sounds simple enough. Yes, that Phil Collins, but the focus here is on Menéndez, whose dad came from Cuba and mom from Mexico. Santa Anna lost this battle simply by stupidity. Richard Slotkin, a professor at Wesleyan University, has a theory. So deep did that message get in there that she still misidentifies the traditional Alamo heroes as being on the winning side. What did the Texas volunteers believe at the end of the battle in San Antonio? Menéndez shrugged, put his right hand on his chest – over his heart, if you will – and said, “I’m an American.” Again, the crowd laughed, and not because anyone was trying to be funny. (In fact, he did not mention the Alamo in public as president.). Whether we ended up with victory or death remains an open question, and I in no way am arguing that Bush used the Alamo to sell the troop surge or in fact any part of the war on terrorism. But the answer goes deeper than emphasis to what the battle represents these days in our popular imagination. More by Jason Stanford. The volunteer soldiers defending the Alamo included doctors and farmers, as well as Tennessee frontiersman and Congressman Davy Crockett, who fought in the Tennessee militia. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/alamo-texas-battle-ends. On Texas Independence Day 2005 – March 2 for the uninitiated – Poe called Santa Anna the “19th-century Saddam Hussein.”. Sam Houston was made head of the Army. From October until early December 1835 an army of Texan volunteers laid siege to a Mexican army in San Antonio de Béxar. Jason Stanford co-wrote, with Bryan Burrough and Chris Tomlinson, Forget the Alamo: The Rise and Fall of the American Myth, due out June 2021 from Penguin Books. There was an error, and we couldn't process your sign-up. People go, ‘I’m a Texan.’ And, you know, me and my cousins got into a lot of arguments over this. It’s like, look, you’re an American of Hispanic descent, and I’m proud of my descent. Texas aged 18-29 are the least likely to know Mexico won the Battle of the Alamo (43 percent), and the most likely to think Texas won (31 percent), that the United States won 10 percent), and to say they don’t know at 17 percent, which I suppose is a way of answering the question correctly. The capture concluded the long Siege of Béxar. This seems to be kind of a curious proposition, almost a nonsensical proposition. Texas aged 18-29 are the least likely to know Mexico won the Battle of the Alamo (43 percent), and the most likely to think Texas won (31 percent), that the United States won 10 percent), and to say they don’t know at 17 percent, which I suppose is a way of answering the question correctly. My mom from Mexico, my dad from Cuba. 3 min read. The resulting skirmish, known as the Battle of Gonzales “Why would we spend so much time talking about a loss? After the departure of General Austin, the besieging army before San Antonio came very near being broken up. “We never even left our neighborhoods. He was ready to surrender San Antonio to the Texian Army. “I’m interested to know why you said we didn’t lose. In Orozco’s college classes, “Basically, they would say that Mexico lost. Mexican forces were victorious in recapturing the fort, and nearly all of the roughly 200 Texan defenders—including legendary frontiersman Davy Crockett—died. 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