The population development of the State of Assam by census years. The colourful heritage and rich culture of Assam are reflected in the different types of festivities and celebrations that take place within its borders. Dispur is Assam Capital. De staat heeft 31.205.576 inwoners. The earliest Europeans who came in contact with Assam (and who had the opportunity to write the name in the Latin script), were travelers who went to Bengal and adventurers who accompanied military expeditions against the Ahom kingdom; these groups used variations of the name Asam to denote the kingdom. The two standard Assamese dictionaries, Hem Kosha and Chandrakanta Abhidhan, offer broadly the same definitions." This increased prominence of the Ahom kingdom brought it to the attention of those outside the Brahmaputra valley. [2], John Peter Wade (1805) called the Ahom kingdom, that commenced on the Konder Chokey, "Kingdom of Assam". Census 2011: Assam records highest rise in Muslim population, Decline of Hindus and the Rise of Muslims in Assam, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Assam&oldid=57676061, Wikipedia:Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. Statoids: India States (Primary subdivisions. The districts are demarcated on the basis of the features such as the rivers, hills, forests, etc. [15] Therefore, during the fourth century, the eastern boundary of the Kamarupa did not extend beyond west Assam. The, "Of the Kingdom of Aſem", Book III, Chapter XVII (, "...in the early dates of British rule, it (Assam) was spelled with only one 's'". Naraka appears to be a generic name for many kings belonging to the Naraka dynasty. The capital, formerly Shillong, was … State name: Assam Total population: 31205576 House Holds: 6406471. Objective Questions Answers, General Knowledge and gk on Assam State and Assamese history, culture and geography to improve your General Knowledge on Assam and to enhance your performance in various Exams like PSC, SSC, Bank and Govt Exams. Second Language is Bengali, Bodo .Assam Postal Index (PIN) Starts with 78 . One of the kings Vaidyadeva, referred to Pragjyotisha as a bhukti and Kamarupa as a mandala (a smaller division, possibly within Pragjyotisha).[14]. The modern Assamese word Āhom by which the Tai people are known is derived from Āsām or Āsam. [56] Masica too believes that Assam derives from an earlier attested form of asam, acam which in turn is from a Burmese corruption of the name Shan/Shyam. Population. De kleine plaats Dispur, onderdeel van de gemeente Guwahati, fungeert als hoofdstad. Assam is a state in northeastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra river and Barak Valley.It is well known as “Pragjyotishpura” in Mahabharata and “Kamapura” in Medieval times, Assam has a rich green land of rolling plains and dense forests. [31] The official chronicler of Mir Jumla also calls the place "Asam".[32]. [36] In various documents of the British East India Company relating to the last few Ahom kings, the name of country was mentioned as Assam. [9], Satyendra Nath Sarma writes "Assamese is the easternmost Indo-Aryan language of India, spoken by nearly eight millions of people inhabiting mostly the Brahmaputra valley of Assam. (, "It has been suggested that this may be derived from Shan, or as the Assamese say, "The Assamese themselves call the native country Asam, with the vowels in both syllables short. There are 33 districts in Assam. [43] Subsequent writers like P. C. Choudhury[44] and R N Mosahary[45] lend credence to this theory. Two different meanings of the Sanskrit word Asama have been used to explain the name: one meaning "uneven" (terrain) and the other "unequaled". [34] Though Bowrey wrote his manuscript in the 17th century, the manuscript itself was published for the first time in the 20th century. Sri Naba Kumar Doley. [citation needed], After the British took control of the region, the name Assam was extended to the province that was then much larger than the Ahom kingdom. Puducherry, Verenigde Front van de Bevrijding van Asom, Nationaal Democratisch Front van Bodoland. Most of these cases are either decided ex-parte or decided against them on frivolous grounds such as spelling mismatch in various documents, mismatch of age in two or more documents or even not mentioning the details of extended family members in the written statement … [35] Thus the earliest English use of the name was "Aſem", with a Long s. Colonialists then followed these travelers and adventurers. All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) chief advisor Samujjal Bhattacharya on Sunday demanded that a national award be instituted by the Centre in the name of Assam’s cultural icon Rupkonwar Jyoti Prasad Agarwala.. [47], The second theory Gait reported is that Asama, meaning "unequal" or "peerless", was a name the local people gave the undefeated Ahoms, according to a tradition that the Ahoms themselves believed in. Assam is one of the Northeastern state of India. Though the precise Etymology of Assam, a state in India is unclear—there is general agreement that it is related to the Ahom people. The majority of the newly constituted districts are sub-divisions of the earlier districts. Name Abbr. There are 0.07 people named ASSAM for every 100,000 Americans. In the early twelfth century, epigraphic sources from the Pala dynasty mention Kamarupa as a mandala of the kingdom they ruled.   asama maluka[25] dhobaa ye turuka This was accompanied by a profusive production in literature. [16] The copper-plate inscription from Vaidyadeva calls Kamarupa a mandala within his own kingdom. Assam state information. Gait (1906) reports that according to some people, the name "Assam" is derived from the Sanskrit asama, meaning "uneven" which describes the terrain of the region in contrast to the flat plains of Samatata,[46] though he rejects this explanation on the grounds that the word was never used before the advent of the Ahoms and that the Vamshavali of the Darrang kings used it to refer to the Ahom community and not to the land. [3] Some have speculated that the Bodo word "Ha-com" meaning low land was Sanskritised to 'Asama', dating its origin to at least first millennium common era. The precise etymology of the name Assam or Asam (অসম) is not known, though many explanations have been put forward. So, if Ha-Com is the source of Sanskrit Asama, then it traces its origin from very early times, long before any Ahom invasion.[4]. The State is adorned with beautiful lush covers of greenery, a chain of hills and rivers mainly the Brahmaputra and the Barak. District. Let us read in detail about this. Assam Population by Sex. km .. …           yavana ka~Nka govaala | De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. [citation needed], According to Grierson (1967), the English word Assamese parallels other demonyms (Chinese, Sinhalese, Nepalese, etc. Both Grierson and Gait agree that the British used Asam before finally settling on Assam. Name: Shri Pradip Kr. [52], Gait reports that some associated the name with the Shan who are called Syam by the Assamese, an explanation which he found not convincing. refer to the users manual from "CSC/PFC/Home -> User Manual" in Menu to register/Sign-in to avail any online service OR can call to call centre at toll free phone number:180030003468 (CSC Helpdesk) / 18003451100 (AMTRON Helpdesk)(10am to 5 pm on Working Days) OR write e-mail at helpdesk@amtron.in. Satyendra Nath Sharma accepts Banikanta Kakati's view in toto. In medieval times, the Mughals used the terms “Asham” (eastern Assam) and “Kamrup” (western Assam) which during the British colonial era morphed into "Assam". Contact Details. The epithet applied to the Shan conquerors was subsequently transferred to the country over which they ruled and thus the name Kāmarūpa was replaced by Āsām, which ultimately took the Sanskritized form Asama, meaning "unequalled, peerless or uneven"[7] Satyendranath Sarma repeats this derivation while quoting Kakati. ASSAM is ranked as the 97317th most popular family name in the United States with an estimated population of 237. The pillar lists the frontier kingdoms (pratyanta nripati) and lists Kamarupa (Western Assam) along with Davaka, a region in the central Assam (undivided Nagaon district). The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Assam with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. Gait rejects this notion as well, noting that the local tribal people would not have given a Sanskrit name to the invaders. Ten of these belonged to the Indian National … ASSAM is ranked as the 77004th most popular given name in the United States with an estimated population of 33. Assam is spread over an area of 78438 sq. How unique is the name Assam? The ultimate object of the Company is to undertake the electricity distribution, trading, supply in the state of Assam or outside in accordance with provisions of Applicable Law and all activities ancillary or appurtenant thereto. Assam: BJP Leader Among 36 Named in Chargesheet in State Police Exam Paper Leak Scam. 4,795 ‘ineligible’ names in Assam NRC, 2019 list not ‘final’ — state coordinator tells HC Published on 31 August 2019, the final NRC had excluded 19.22 lakh people. This name is in the 88th percentile, this means that nearly 11% of all the last names are more popular. Āsām, Āsam, Asam) to refer to the Ahom community. The invasion of western Assam by Allauddin Hussein of Gaur up to Barnadi river in 1498 is recorded in coins from the early sixteenth century, declaring Hussein as the conqueror of Kamru (Kamrup) (and not Assam). The state coordinator now says Registrar General is yet to publish the final list. The 1944 version has extra preface added by the publisher including a map of Bengale drawn around 1661 where the name of Assam is mentioned." It has been the living place of various races, tribes and ethnic groups since time immemorial. [11] In the Ramayana, Pragjyotisha is situated on the Varaha mountain and not in present-day Assam; According to Shastri (2002), the author "had no idea at all of its location and was just eager to refer to it as it had already become a celebrated town". For the creation of an autonomous state within Assam, there has been a demand for the implementation of Article 244A. Assam, Asam and other variations started appearing in relatively recent times, and their uses cannot be attributed to any period earlier than the sixteenth century,[17] and is associated with the Shan invaders. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 3 dec 2020 om 13:16. Assam (Assamees: অসম; Ôxôm) is een deelstaat in het noordoosten van India. Assam is a State in india. [57], "Ahoms also gave Assam and its language their name (, Das, Bhuban Mohan (1987) "The Peoples of Assam", "The Kingdom of Assam, where it is entered from Bengal, commences on the north of the Berhampooter, at the Khonder Chokey, nearly opposite to the picturesque estate of the late Mr Raush at Goalpara; and at the Nagrabaree Hill on the South", Wade, Dr John Peter, (1805) ", harvcol error: no target: CITEREFsarma1976 (, "The late Qing intellectuals were perfectly aware that the various modern terms of "China" The name is said to be the term given by them to the Shans or "Shams" who commenced invading the country from the east in the 13th century" (, "Prokaxokor Patoni (Publisher's Preface)", "The Ahom Political System: An Enquiry into the State Formation Process in Medieval Assam (1228-1714)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Etymology_of_Assam&oldid=990914955, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Assamese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A Geographical Account of Countries around Bay of Bengal, North East India (Minus Tripura and Manipur), This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 06:36. Gait (1906) has mentioned that the British used Asam before finally settling on Assam; though Grierson claims that the form Assam is English, The Assam Tribune has reported the finding of a Dutch map drawn around 1661 with a label Assam.[41]. ), building on Assam, an Anglicization of the Bengali word Asam that itself refers to the Brahmaputra Valley. The neighboring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya were once part of Assam. While a section of historians and litterateurs had associated the state name with 13th century Shan invaders, the exact origin of Assam … But the people call their country Asama and their language Asamiya". The portal was developed with an aim to provide single window service electors. Since 1946, Assam has had 14 chief ministers. In 2012 violent riots broke out between indigenous people lead by NDFB(S) and minority Muslims of BTAD. On 1 April 2010, Name of North Cachar Hills district changed to Dima Hasao. Das Designation: Under Secretary & DDO (Accounts Department) Email: pradip.das-as@gov.in Phone: 9864106400 Fax: Address: Assam Secretariat, Block 'A', Second Floor Dispur, Guwahati, Assam-781006 originated from the sanskrit root. Assam State is spread over 78,438 Sq Km. The chargesheet included names of former Karimganj SP Kumar Sanjit … In a map of "Kingdom of Bengale", drawn by Joh. [1], (Kakati 1953) derives the name from a Tai root, cham (defeated), with an Indic prefix for negation, a-, so that a-cham would mean undefeated. One of the earliest theories published was provided by Baden-Powell in 1896, when he proposed that the name could possibly derive from the Bodo Ha-com, meaning "low or level country". [47] George Grierson,[48] Banikanta Kakati,[49] and Dimbeswar Neog,[50] also reject the Sanskrit origin of the name. It … Sub-Districts. van Leenen around 1661 and published around 1662, Assam was clearly named and correctly identified. [10], The land referred to as Pragjyotisha in the Mahabharata is now accepted as present-day Assam and North Bengal. The population development in Assam as well as related information and services. ... Assam Legislative Council ... Asom Gana Parishad, which came to power in the state of Assam in the Assembly elections of 1985. Thus little room is left for the fanciful origin of the name, "While scholars disagree over the precise origins of the name, Assam, there is a consensus that the name, given to the land by the 13th century Shan invaders impressed by the valour of the people they conquered (or, in another reading, given by the conquered to the people who conquered them, being impressed by their generosity in victory), is derived from the Sanskrit word, asama, meaning unequalled, matchless, with the secondary meaning, uneven, undulating, with reference to the terrain of the land. 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