He spent most of his life in Lübeck , where he worked as organist at St. Mary's church. There, he showed off his skills. Dietrich Buxtehude was a Danish composer who was later naturalized German. Bach’s Passacaglia in C Minor is indebted. Biography. Since his father, Johannes, was organist and schoolmaster at Oldesloe, Denmark, until 1638, it is a reasonable guess that Dietrich was born there. Soon after his performance at Helsingor, he was hired as an organist in the town, working for St. Mary’s church. Dietrich Buxtehude, Dietrich also spelled Dieterich, (born 1637, probably in Oldesloe, Holstein—died May 9, 1707, Lübeck), Danish or German organist and composer of church music, one of the most esteemed and influential composers of his time. • Prelude, Fugue, and Chaconne BuxWV 137, hypermedia by Jeff Hall and Tim Smith at the BinAural Collaborative Hypertext; Shockwave Player required. Genres: Baroque Music, Chamber Music, Choral. He was so well liked that he later played in Helsingor. Although these concerts are universally described as extraordinary, and were the basis of most of Buxtehude's contemporary fame, very little music from them has survived. Buxtehude was organist at the Marienkirche for the rest of his life. ], Denmark Death: May 9, 1707 in Lubeck, Germany Dietrich Buxtehude is probably most familiar to modern classical music audiences as the man who inspired the young Johann Sebastian Bach to make a lengthy pilgrimage to Lubeck, Buxtehude's place of employment and residence for most of his life, just to hear Buxtehude play the organ. However, in addition to the keyboard music that so impressed his contemporaries, he also wrote some extraordinary works for trios involving the viola da gamba. Toll Free: 844.350.7189; Tel: 661.250.7189; Fax: 661.250.7195; 26362 Ruether Ave; Santa Clarita, CA 91350-2990 USA; Theodore Front Musical Literature Inc. Buxtehude settled at Lübeck in 1688 as organist of St. Mary’s Church. 3 - 6 sonatas without opus numbers (John Holloway; Ursula Weiss; Jaap ter Linden; Mogens Rasmussen; … Buxtehude is best known for his organ music whose historical standing makes him one of the most important composers before Bach. Corrections? His most important and influential works are considered to be those for organ, which include toccatas, preludes, fugues, chaconnes, pieces based on chorales, and a passacaglia to which J.S. Just click the "Edit page" button at the bottom of the page or learn more in the Biography submission guide. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. See also. There he gained such fame as a composer that the city became a mecca for musicians of northern Germany. Dietrich Buxtehude discography and songs: Music profile for Dietrich Buxtehude, born 1637. Buxtehude had become the church's organist in 1668, and within five years had revamped the winter Sunday 'Evening Music' concerts instigated by his predecessor. The preludes are usually brief, and, with one exception, they are unlike Bach’s in having no thematic connection with the fugues that follow them. Dietrich Buxtehude, Dietrich also spelled Dieterich, (born 1637, probably in Oldesloe, Holstein—died May 9, 1707, Lübeck), Danish or German organist and composer of church music, one of the most esteemed and influential composers of his time. Mai 1707 in Lübeck) war ein dänisch-deutscher Organist und Komponist des Barocks. He is best known for his organ works which are … Beside biography of Dietrich Buxtehude, we also provide a lot of biographies of other famous people. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was the most important composer of organ music before J.S. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Dietrich-Buxtehude, Naxos Classical Music - Biography of Dieterich Buxtehude, AllMusic - Biography of Dietrich Buxtehude, Classical.net - Biography of Dietrich Buxtehude, Bach Cantatas Website - Biography of Dietrich Buxtehude, Dietrich Buxtehude - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He helped develop the form of the church cantata, later perfected by Bach, and he was just as famous a virtuoso on the organ. When Buxtehude performed, he often played church hymns and other well-k… Biography . Historically, Buxtehude's organ music has been studied because of its direct influence on Bach; Buxtehude wrote the first truly idiomatic fugues for the organ and was one of the first to experiment with the structure that Bach later codified into the prelude and fugue. After Buxtehude died on May 9, 1707, the church found another organist willing to marry his daughter. Dietrich Buxtehude was born in either Holstein or Sweden (both were Danish territories at the time), the son of an organist. Biography of Dietrich Buxtehude (1637-1707) German composer, born about 1637. Well-known and respected during his lifetime, he was what might be called, today, a composer's composer. Their texts are rarely liturgical; the Bible, the hymnbook, and sacred verse of the time are their main sources. Dieterich Buxtehudehad his first professional organist debut when he was 20 years old. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The young Handel visited him in 1703, and in 1705 young Bach walked more than 200 miles to see him. Read Full Biography. Dieterich Buxtehude (Dietrich, Diderich) (c. 1637 – May 9, 1707) was a German-Danish organist and a highly regarded composer of the Baroque period.His organ works comprise a central part of the standard organ repertoire and are frequently performed at recitals and church services. Biography. His exact place of birth is uncertain, and nothing is known of his early youth. Dietrich Buxtehude, Music Department: Mur murs. Biography by Andrew Lindemann Malone. Dietrich Buxtehude is probably most familiar to modern classical music audiences as the man who inspired the young Johann Sebastian Bach to make a lengthy pilgrimage to Lubeck, Buxtehude's place of employment and residence for most of his life, just to hear Buxtehude play the organ. All are imbued with a devout simplicity that contrasts strongly with the elaborations of their Bachian successors. Buxtehude’s duties as church organist included composing works for public festivals and for the marriages and funerals of the great merchant families of the city. His vocal works shared the devotion and intellectual rigor of his instrumental work, and were also much admired. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He performed at Helsingborg. These performances, instituted by Buxtehude in 1673, became the pride of Lübeck, and their tradition was continued into the 19th century. Born: c. 1637 (an obituary give his age as "about 70") Died: 9 May 1707 Biography. His organ works comprise a central part of the standard organ repertoire and are frequently performed at recitals and church services. Dietrich Buxtehude is probably most familiar to modern classical music audiences as the man who inspired the young Johann Sebastian Bach to make a lengthy pilgrimage to Lubeck, Buxtehude's place of employment and residence for most of his life, just to hear Buxtehude play the organ. Although his early years remain a mystery, he went on to make a mark with his music as an unparalleled composer of his time. Dietrich Buxtehude. It looks like we don't have any Biography for Dietrich Buxtehude yet. In 1485 the immensely wealthy "Master Halepaghen", cousin and tutor of the burgomaster of Hamburg, dies and donates his assets to the town for scholarships and charitable purposes. 1637 in Helsingborg [? Dieterich Buxtehude (Dietrich, Diderich) (c. 1637 – 9 May 1707) was a German-Danish organist, lutenist and a highly regarded composer of the Baroque period. Buxtehude [or Boxdehude, or Buchstehude], Dietrich [or Diderich]. Buxtehude is generally considered the greatest organist between Scheidt and Bach and is regarded as the originator of the German organ toccata. In 1542 the town council of Buxtehude adopted Lutheranism within its domain. Dieterich Buxtehude (Dietrich, Diderich) (c. 1637–9 May 1707) was a German-Danish organist and a highly regarded composer of the Baroque period. Buxtehude [or Boxdehude, or Buchstehude], Dietrich [or Diderich] Oldeslohe, Holstein 1637 - Lubecca 1707 . After learning the organ at the feet of his father, Buxtehude became organist at his father's former church in Helsingor in 1657 or 1658; he then moved to a German-speaking congregation in Helsingborg in 1660. Dieterich Buxtehude (German pronunciation: [ˈdiːtəʁɪç bʊkstəˈhuːdə], also Dietrich; Danish Diderich [ˈdidǝʁɪk buksdǝˈhuːðǝ], equivalent to the modern Diderik; c. 1637-1639 - May 1707) was a German-Danish organist and composer of the Baroque period. Buxtehude is best known for his organ music whose historical standing makes him one of the most important composers before Bach. Dietrich Buxtehude … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He is one of the most important composers of the mid- Baroque period. Country: Germany Birth: ca. 1637-1707) - Play streams in full or download MP3 from Classical Archives (classicalarchives.com), the largest and best organized classical music site on the web. By bringing the start time forward - no doubt to catch the attention of music-loving regular churchgoers - Buxtehude built up a loyal local audience, and word spread beyond Lübeck. Artist Biography by Andrew Lindemann Malone Dietrich Buxtehude is probably most familiar to modern classical music audiences as the man who inspired the young Johann Sebastian Bach to make a lengthy pilgrimage to Lubeck, Buxtehude 's place of employment and residence for most of his life, just to hear Buxtehude play the organ. Though we do not have copies of much of the work that most impressed his contemporaries, Buxtehude nonetheless left behind a body of vocal and instrumental music which is distinguished by its contrapuntal skill, devotional atmosphere, and raw intensity. His exact place of birth is uncertain, and nothing is known of his early youth. Omissions? Dieterich Buxtehude (* um 1637 wahrscheinlich in Helsingborg; 9. Dietrich Buxtehude (or Dieterich according to Danish spelling) (born about 1637; died May 9, 1707) was a German (or Danish) composer and organist. Dietrich Buxtehude (Composer) - Short Biography. Two of the most famous Abendmusik concerts, held on December 2 and 3, 1705, and commemorating the death of Emperor Leopold I and the ascension of Joseph I, were probably attended by Bach on his pilgrimage. Oldeslohe, Holstein 1637 - Lubecca 1707 . Biography, musicologyand essential works. But Buxtehude was a major figure among German Baroque composers in his own right. Albums include Membra Jesu Nostri (Cantus Cölln/Konrad Junghanel), Sacred Cantatas (Cantus Cölln/Konrad Junghänel), and Complete Chamber Music, Vol. Most of the harpsichord music has been lost. Britannica now has a site just for parents! The vocal music consists chiefly of church cantatas in a variety of forms, more than 100 of which are extant. Dietrich Buxtehude was born in either Holstein or Sweden (both were Danish territories at the time), the son of an organist. Dietrich Buxtehude. He is probably known to classical modern music enthusiasts as the man who inspired and led the famous Johann Sebastian Bach. 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